Tower of London Timeline
History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
1080 - The Chapel of St. John is consecrated
1100 - The very first prisoner in the Tower, Ranulf Flambard, Bishop of Durham, escapes by climbing down a rope.
1140 - The Tower is first used as a royal residence
1221 - Building of the Wakefield Tower
1241 - The White Tower is whitewashed
1264 - The Royal Menagerie begun
1297 - John Baliol, King of Scotland, imprisoned in the Tower.
1300 - The Beauchamp Tower built.
1322 - The Ceremony of the Keys begun.
1381 - Peasant's Revolt. The Tower is stormed by an angry mob.
1450 - Rebels under Jack Cade attack the Tower
1471 - King Henry VI dies mysteriously, probably murdered, in the Tower.
1483 - Disappearance of the Princes in the Tower.
1512 - St. Peter ad Vincula destroyed by fire.
1520 - St. Peter ad Vincula completely rebuilt.
1530 - Building of Queen's House
1532 - Rebuilding of St. Thomas Tower
1536 - Anne Boleyn beheaded on Tower Green
1554 - Lady Jane Grey executed.
1597 - Catholic priest John Gerard escapes after being tortured severely.
1613 - Death of Sir Thomas Overbury, probably by poison.
1649-1660 - Cromwell's rule sees the Crown Jewels melted down and sold. Many pieces were later recovered by the crown.
1660 - The Tower ceased regular use a prison. Defences were improved, and the garrison was used to keep the peace in London. Most of the Tower now administered by the Office of Ordnance.
1660 - first sightseers admitted to the Tower. It has never been the same since!
1671 - Colonel Thomas Blood attempts to steal the Crown Jewels from the Martin Tower. Blood is captured, but mysteriously pardonned by the king.
1663 - 1664 - New Armouries built
1674 - discovery of bones thought to be those of the 'Princes in the Tower' during renovation work
1688 - The building of the Grand Storehouse as a store for armaments
1689 - The notorious Judge Jeffreys dies in the Tower
1804 - The royal menagerie opened to the public for the first time.
1834-1835 - The Royal Menagerie moved from the Lion Tower to form the London Zoo. Most of the Lion Tower demolished
1842-1862 - Waterloo Barracks built, along with the The Royal Fusilier's Museum
1843 - The moat is drained and filled
1848 - The Tower is refortified as a precaution in light of revolutionary ideas sweeping Europe
1851 - architect Anthony Salvin brought in to restore the Tower
1914-1916 - during WWI a total of 11 German prisoners were shot as spies in the Tower
1939-1945 - severe bomb damage to many parts of the tower during WWII
1942 - Rudolf Hess briefly held in the Kings's House
1952 - the Krays held in the tower for 4 days, making them among the very last prisoners to be held here
1994 - The Crown Jewels were moved to a new location in the Jewel House
Tower of London
Address: Tower Hill, London, Greater London, England, EC3N 4AB
Attraction Type: Castle
Phone: 02031 666000
OS: TQ335 806
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
Nearest station: Tower Hill - 0.1 miles (straight line) - Zone: 1
We've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned.
Historic Time Periods:
Find other attractions tagged with:
Anne Boleyn (Person) - castle (Architecture) - Charles II (Person) - Cromwell (Person) - Henry III (Person) - Henry VI (Person) - Jane Grey (Person) - moat (Historical Reference) - Norman (Architecture) - Roman (Time Period) - William the Conqueror (Person) -
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
All Hallows-by-the-Tower - 0.2 miles (Historic Church)
St Olave, Hart Street - 0.2 miles (Historic Church)
All Hallows Staining - 0.3 miles (Historic Church)
HMS Belfast - 0.3 miles (Museum)
Tower Bridge - 0.4 miles (Museum)
St Botolph without Aldgate - 0.4 miles (Historic Church)
Leadenhall Market - 0.4 miles (Historic Building)
London Monument - 0.4 miles (Historic Building)
Nearest Accommodation to Timeline: