This writer, politician, and philosopher is best known for 'Novum Organum', and his 'Essays', published in 1597 and 1625
He was the main prosecutor at the trial of the 2nd Earl of Essex, his former patron
He served as Lord Chancellor until he was impeached for corruption in 1621
22 October, 1877
Blantyre mining disaster
The worst mining accident in Scottish history hit the Blantyre Colliery, killing 207 miners. The company evicted the surviving families from their cottages 6 months later.