History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
Adam, the father of the architects John and Robert, designed a neoclassical house with sweeping semi-circular wings, set in a picturesque landscape garden and parkland. Duff agreed to the design, and work began on the central block of the mansion. Unfortunately, the agreement between client and craftsman was not put down on paper, and that proved a disastrous mistake. Adam considered that his patron had given him free reign, a blank cheque to create an elegant mansion. He decided that in order to produce stonework of the highest order, the work should be done craftsmen that he knew and trusted at his base in southern Scotland.
When the courts finally found in the architect's favour, it was too late, and Adam died shortly after his victory. As for the house, it was little more than a fashionable shell. And even then, the fashion for baroque was waning, and the overblown opulence of the style was considered outmoded, as a more restrained neoclassical style came into vogue (a style later championed by no less than William Adam's remarkable son, Robert Adam, but that's another tale).
Duff House was left to be finished by William Duff's descendants, particularly the 4th Earl, who was a famous patron of the arts. The Earl filled Duff House with paintings and fine furniture and entertained on a lavish scale. He could not maintain such a lavish lifestyle, however, and the family was forced to sell off much of the art collection he had amassed.
Finally, in the 1980's a coalition of local and national arts bodies launched a campaign to save Duff House from an inglorious end. The house was painstakingly refurbished and restored to its original state. Following extensive restoration in 1995 Duff House reopened in its current guise as a fine art gallery and museum.
Though the original Duff family art collection was long since dispersed, a similar collection was created through a combination of works from the national collection and private donations, together with specifically purchased items. The result is that Duff House once more acts as a superb period setting for a marvellous collection of artwork, including Scottish portraits, sculpture, and fine furniture. There are several Rennaissance Old Masters as well, including works by El Greco and the School of Raphael.
Wandering through Duff House it is fascinating to see how it has been restored to its original state, with glorious period rooms acting as a showcase for a superb collection of art, just as earlier generations of the Duff family and their visitors would have experienced it. Is it an art gallery? Well, yes. Is it a stately home? Decidedly yes. It is both at once, though that can really be said of many stately homes!
About Duff House
Address: Banff, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, AB45 3SX
Attraction Type: Museum
Location: Just off the A947/97 at the eastern edge of Banff
Website: Duff House
Phone: 01261 818 181
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
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