Buckingham - The Historic Town
History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
The Old Town Hall is an imposing Georgian building topped by a gilded swan, the symbol of Buckinghamshire. The town hall, like the Old Gaol, was built in an attempt to win back the Assizes from Aylesbury. Rising above the market place is Castle Hill, the site of a medieval castle. The hill is now topped by 18th century parish church, built here after an older medieval church burned down.
The core of Buckingham is the old Town, a lovely maze of winding lanes and narrow streets, lined with historic buildings. Among the older buildings is the Manor House, an attractive Elizabethan half-timbered building. On the side of the manor house is carved a delightful infant cherub. The cherub may be a representation of St Rumbold. According to legend, St Rumbold (also known as Rumwold, or Rumwald) was born in the 7th century, to a royal Saxon family at Astrop, about 12 miles from Buckingham.
The newborn Rumbold expressed a desire to be baptised, and this was done in a bowl-shaped font, which can now be seen at King Sutton church. Rumbold died after three days, but not before expressing a desire to be buried at a place that would be known as Buckingham. This was carried out, and the shrine of St Rumbold at Buckingham became a place of pilgrimage in the medieval period. A few steps from the Manor House is the Old Churchyard, site of the medieval parish church. A plaque marks the location where the shrine of St Rumbold is thought to have been placed.
Beside the Manor House on the other side is Twisted Chimney House, another attractive Elizabethan house topped by an unusual twisted chimney built of red brick. On the far side of the Old Churchyard is the area known as The Prebend, now occupied by the modern University of Buckingham.
A short stroll brings you to Lords Bridge, where a trail leads to the site of St Rumbold's Well, a medieval holy well associated with the infant saint. Back in the old section of town you will find Castle House, a beautiful 17th century building. King Charles I held a council of war here during the Civil War.
There are waymarked walks along the river, and around the historic core of town.
Address: Buckingham, Buckinghamshire, England
Attraction Type: Town
We've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned.
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10th century (Time Period) - 12th century (Time Period) - 17th century (Time Period) - 18th century (Time Period) - 7th century (Time Period) - castle (Architecture) - Charles I (Person) - Civil War (Architecture) - Elizabethan (Architecture) - Georgian (Time Period) - Medieval (Time Period) - Norman (Architecture) - Saxon (Time Period) -
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
Old Gaol Museum - 0 miles (Museum)
Buckingham Chantry Chapel - 0.2 miles (Historic Church)
Stowe Landscape Gardens - 2.5 miles (Garden)
Stowe House - 2.5 miles (Historic House)
Water Stratford, St Giles Church - 2.7 miles (Historic Church)
Hillesden, All Saints - 3.4 miles (Historic Church)
Thornton, St Michael's Church - 3.7 miles (Historic Church)
Chetwode, St Mary & St Nicholas - 4 miles (Historic Church)
Nearest Accommodation to Buckingham: