Kington, Herefordshire
Kington, Herefordshire

Kington is a historic town near the Herefordshire border with Wales, set in wonderful walking country. Kington is famed as a 'centre for walking' and hosts an annual walking festival. Four major walking trails pass through the town including the Offa's Dyke National Trail, the Arrow Valley Trail, the Herefordshire Trail, and the Mortimer Trail.

The town itself boasts a lovely mix of historic architecture, and is home to a weekly livestock market, emphasising the rural nature of the region.

History

Kington grew up at the confluence of the River Arrow and the Cynon Brook. The town was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as 'Chingtune' from the Old English 'cyne tun' meaning royal manor. The Norman borough developed on high ground above the river, protected by a castle motte near the church. The only historical mention of the castle comes in 1186 when 10 shillings were spent to repair the timber palisade.

The present town of Kington developed in the 13th century on the low-lying ground at the base of Castle Hill, an area originally known as Kington in the Fields.

The town's agricultural past was radically changed in 1820 when a tramway was built to bring coal, iron and slate to Kington from south Wales and return bearing wool and burnt lime. All goods were pulled along the tramway by horses, and woe-betide the horse-power if their steed was caught trotting; the misdeed would result in a fine of 50 pence. You can walk a section of the Kington Tramroad, beside Back Brook.

Hergest Croft Garden

Just west of Kington stands the historic gardens of Hergest Croft, 70 acres of beautiful gardens surrounding the late Victorian mansion of Hergest Croft. The gardens are divided into 6 distinct areas, including an Azalea Garden, Maple Grove, Kitchen Garden, Hergest Croft Garden, open parkland, and Park Wood. Part of the woodland garden is reserved for Himalayan plants, and there are colourful borders inspired by the designs of Gertrude Jekyll and William Robinson. Within the grounds stands the historic manor house of Hergest Court, begun in 1267.

Hergest Croft Gardens
Hergest Croft Gardens

St Mary's Church

Kington's attractive parish church dates to the late Norman period, around 1200. It is one of just nine churches in Herefordshire with a detached bell tower (though the gap between the tower and nave has since been filled in). The tower was built to be a place of refuge in times of trouble, a reminder of how turbulent life on the Welsh border could be.

The oldest historical feature is a Norman tub font with cable moulding detail.

In the south chapel is the tomb of Sir Thomas and Lady Ellen Vaughan of Hergest Court. Sir Thomas was killed at the Battle of Banbury in 1469. He was known during his lifetime as 'Black Vaughan'. The family legend of the 'Black Dog of Hergest' inspired Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's classic Sherlock Holmes mystery, 'The Hound of the Baskervilles'.

St Mary's Church
St Mary's Church

Kington Heritage Walk

While visiting the local tourist information centre in Kington I picked up a handy little leaflet called 'Kington Past', outlining a heritage walk linking historic places around the town centre. The walk connects 6 heritage plaques commemorating buildings and people of special historical significance. What follows is a description of historic sites highlighted in the leaflet.

Kington Tramroad

The heritage walk begins at the eastern end of Victoria Road. Here you can see remains of Meredith's Iron Foundry, established in 1875. At the junction is The Tavern, built in 1767, where tram road horses were stabled. You can trace the path of the Iron Foundry's tramway running parallel to Back Brook.

The tramway leads to Crooked Well, the site of bear bull baiting until 1815. Bulls were chained to a tree near a footbridge across the brook. Follow the footpath west along the brook and you come to Wordsworth's Scot's pine. You are now walking in the footsteps of poet William Wordsworth and his sister Dorothy who took this path frequently to visit his wife's relatives at Hindwell, in nearby Walton.

A 16th-century timber-framed building on Duke Street
A 16th-century timber-framed building on Duke Street

Market Hall Street

The second plaque on the heritage walk is on Market Hall Street, once the commercial hub of activity in Kington. There was a town lock-up on the site of the present car park, and beside it were stocks, last used in 1846.

The street was named for a Market Hall built here in 1654 by John Abel, the King's Carpenter, for Philip Holman, the Lord of the Manor. Holman's house was where the Talbot Hotel now stands. Charles I said to have spent the night at Talbot's house in 1633.

At the south end of Market Street a blocked doorway marks the former magistrate's court and police station. The police station was built on the site of the old Kington Barn Theatre, a playhouse where Sarah Kimble made her stage debut in 1758 at the age of 3. Kimble would go on to become better known as Mrs Siddons, one of the most popular actresses in 18th-century England.

Kington Museum
Kington Museum

Town Library

The third plaque marks the public library at Lower Cross. The library stands on the site of a Hide Market where animal skins changed hands. A writer in 1686 described the market as 'the old Market Hall with bell and town clock therein'.

The library building was originally built as the headquarters of the Old Radnor Trading Company in 1905. The Company owned quarries just west of Kington and made pre-cast concrete objects. The building was not just a company head office, it was an advertisement for the Company's concrete products as it was made from pre-cast concrete slabs fitted together.

The Oxford Arms Hotel on Duke Street dates in part to the 13th century. It was a busy coaching inn in the late 18th century. Further east along Duke Street at No. 40-41 is a lovely timber-framed cottage built in the late 16th century.

Look across the road at numbers 1-4 High Street. This neoclassical building was built in 1845 to be the town hall, but the interior was so badly built that it was never used for that purpose.

The Oxford Arms, dating in part to the 13th century
The Oxford Arms, dating in part to the 13th century

Town Clock, Upper Cross

The next plaque is found at Upper Cross, where the iconic Town Clock now stands. The clock towers (pun very much intended) over the Victorian Market Hall, built of red brick in 1885. The Clock Tower was added in 1897 to mark Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee. The Market Hall stands near the site of an earlier Buttercross, where butter and poultry were sold on the ground floor and wool on the upper floor.

When the new Market Hall was built the road was widened and the old town well covered over. The well was connected to a new town pump on a triangular island in the centre of the road. The only remnant of the town pump are three cast iron bollards by the roadside.

The Market Hall and Town Clock
The Market Hall and Town Clock

Just around the corner from the Market Hall is the Kington Museum, an award-winning exhibition of local heritage with an ever-changing programme of displays.

Tucked into Harp Yard, off High Street, is the former Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, a stone building under a hipped corrugated iron roof. Harp Yard is said to be the place where John Wesley, the founder of Methodism, preached on his visit to Kington in 1746.

In 1801 a local landowner named Edmund Cheese gave a house on Harp Yard to be converted into a chapel. That first chapel was declared unsafe and a new chapel built in 1829. It went out of service in 1896 and the old chapel was used as a seed mil and later as a warehouse.

War Memorial

From the Town Clock you can walk up Church Street, perhaps stopping in at the Tourist Information Centre on the east side of the street. You will soon come to the fifth plaque at the War Memorial, which stands at the west end of The Square. The area around The Square was the site of a horse fair dating back to the 13th century.

The Water Tower

If you carry on up Church Street you will come to an unusual building on your right, at the junction with Church Bank. This is the Water Tower, built in 1835 to pump clean water to local subscribers By 1892 only 1% of local residences had baths fed by a tap, and none had a hot water system.

Across from the Water Tower is Castle Hill House, built in 1824.Near it is a timber-framed 16th-century house brought here from its original site by the Arrow Bridge and re-erected on higher ground. Across the main road is Hill Court, built in 1774 for a wealthy doctor named Benjamin Thomas.

Kington is part of the Black and White Village Trail, linking places in Herefordshire with picturesque timber-framed buildings. You can pick up a leaflet detailing stops along the Black and White Trail from the tourist information centre. You can also download a copy online from the official Visit Herefordshire website.

16th-century Castle Hill Cottage
16th-century Castle Hill Cottage

More Photos

About Kington
Address: Kington, Herefordshire, England
Attraction Type: Town
Location: At the junction of the A44 and A4111 about 12 miles west of Leominster
Website: Kington
Location map
OS: SO295565
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express


NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS

Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low to exceptional) on historic interest

Kington, St Mary Church - 0.3 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating

Hergest Croft Gardens - 0.6 miles (Garden) Heritage Rating

Lyonshall, St Michael Church - 2.2 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating

Old Radnor, St Stephen Church - 3.2 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating

Hindwell Roman Fort - 3.4 miles (Roman Site) Heritage Rating

Cwmmau Farmhouse - 3.5 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Four Stones - 4 miles (Prehistoric Site) Heritage Rating

Eardisley, St Mary Magdalene Church - 4.7 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating



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Nearest Tourist Information Centre ('as the crow flies')

Kington
Tourist Information Centre
5 Church Street
Kington
Herefordshire
England
HR5 3AZ
Tel: 01544 230 778
Email: info@kingtontourist.info
Web: http://www.kingtontourist.info
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