History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
HERITAGE HIGHLIGHTS: 16th century priest's hole and needlework by Mary, Queen of Scots and Bess of Hardwick
The village of Oxburgh is recorded in the Domesday Book as Oxenburgh - a fortified place where oxen are kept. Before the fenland was drained the area was marshland, with only pockets of higher ground. An area like this would have been ideal for fdefensive purposes. In 1274 the estate was owned by Thomas de Wayland, Chief Justiciar to Edward I. Wayland was convicted of embezzlement from the crown and forced to flee into exile.
The Bedingfields of Oxburgh were traditionally Catholics, and like many Catholic nobility they had a priest either resident or visiting to celebrate Mass. In the post-Reformation era it was illegal to prictise Catholicism, but this did not stop the Bedingfields from following their faith. In 1589 they built a secret chamber, a priest's hole, where a priest could hide if the Hall was raided by the aiuthorities. A system of secret signals was devised; the sign that a service was being held was when the washing was left out.
The tiny secret chamber is reached through a small trapdoor in the floor. The top surface of the trapdoor blends in with the tiled flooring so that it appears invisible when shut. Agile visitors can climb down into the chamber - its more awkward than it looks!
The Bedingfields suffered for their adherence to Catholicism; they were regularly fined and denied careers in the military and in politics. As a result the family fortunes declined and Oxburgh hall began to fall into disrepair. Things got worse in the 17th century when the Bedingfields supported the Royalist cause. Sir Henry Bedingfield was imprisoned in the Tower of London, one son was wounded, and another forced to flee abroad. Parliamentary troops ransacked the Hall and destroyed the gardens. After the Restoration of the monarchy the Bedingfields might have expected some form of reward or compensation from Charles II, but none was forthcoming. Sir Henry's bitterness is obvious in the Library, where a row of dummy books is entitled 'Rewards to Sir Henry Bedingfield, His Loyaltie'.
Highlights of the interior include the King's Room, where Henry VII stayed in 1487 while visiting with his queen, Elizabeth of York. The room is dominated by a huge four-poster bed with beautifully carved corner posts.
Oxburgh boasts needlework hangings created by Mary, Queen of Scots while she was held in custody by the Earl of Shrewsbury. There are more wall hangings by a woman who was only marginally less famous in her day, Bess of Hardwick, wife of the Earl.
One unsubstantiated story suggests that Oxburgh hall is haunted by the spectrre of a 16th century Spanish woman who disappeared under mysterious circumstances.
It is hard to imagine a more romantic medieval house than Oxburgh (other candidates might include Broughton Castle, Oxfordshire, and another National Trust manor at Ightham Mote, Kent). The beautiful gatehouse towers over a peaceful moat, and looks over a small formal garden area to the east, and a shady walk leads along the canal that feeds the moat. To the north west of the Hall is a wooded area where a small Victorian family chapel stands, built with recycled materials in 1830. To the north is the medieval parish church of St John. The church is a gem; well worth visiting to see the Bedingfield Chapel, built by the wife of the Sir Edmund Bedingfield who erected the Hall. The late 15th and early 16th century Bedingfield tombs are built of terracotta, and have been called the finest such tombs in England. The combinatio of the moated house, gardens, and church make Oxburgh a delight to visit. I highly recommend it.
About Oxburgh Hall
Address: Oxborough, near Swaffham, Norfolk, England, PE33 9PS
Attraction Type: Historic House
Location: 7 m SW Swaffham
Website: Oxburgh Hall
Phone: 01366 328 258
National Trust - see also: National Trust memberships (official website link)
OS: TF742 012
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
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15th century (Time Period) - 16th century (Time Period) - 17th century (Time Period) - AW Pugin (Person) - Battle of Bosworth (Historical Reference) - castle (Architecture) - Charles II (Person) - Domesday Book (Historical Reference) - Edward I (Person) - Elizabeth I (Person) - Henry VII (Person) - Mary, Queen of Scots (Person) - Medieval (Time Period) - moat (Historical Reference) - Parliamentary (Historical Reference) - Queen Elizabeth (Person) - Reformation (Historical Reference) - Restoration (Historical Reference) - Richard III (Person) - Royalist (Person) - Tudor (Time Period) - Victorian (Time Period) - Wars of the Roses (Historical Reference) -
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