History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
There was a Saxon hall on this site before the Norman Conquest. After the Normans took over the hall passed to the Bodeham family. For several centuries the Bodeham's lived on in the Saxon hall, much strengthened and expanded.
The French raided nearby Winchelsea in 1380, so when a new French invasion threatened in 1385 Sir Edward Dalyngrigge applied to King Richard II for a license to crenellate and strengthen the existing hall. The license was granted, but Sir Edward decided to build a new fortress rather than fortify the old. This new castle he located near the River Rother, where the greatest possibility of French incursion threatened. The castle he built is essentially the one we can visit today.
Though its primary aim was defense, Dalyngrigge made sure that Bodiam was also a comfortable abode, as much a fortified residence as a military stronghold. He built in grand style, creating at the same time a deterrent and a personal statement of wealth and power.
Bodiam was built to a simple rectangular plan with great drum towers at the corners, but this was complemented by the series of drawbridges built at angles to each other, and a massive barbican, forcing a potential adversary to overcome each defense in turn. The interior design of Bodiam is no less intriguing than the exterior defenses; Dalyngrigge knew that he would have to rely on essentially unreliable mercenary troops to man his fortress. So he built a completely self-contained retainer's hall and left both entrances and three of the four angle towers in direct control of the lord and his family. Thus Bodiam was defended from within and without!
The French invasion never took place, and Bodiam's impressive defenses were never tested until 1484 when the castle fell to a siege by Richard III. Later, during the English Civil War, Bodiam fell to an assault led by Parliamentary general, Sir William Waller.
Bodiam was "slighted" by Parliamentary forces after the Civil War, and the interior was made uninhabitable. It crumbled on for several centuries until it was acquired by the Marquis of Curzon in 1917. Curzon began a process of restoration, and the castle passed to the National Trust on his death in 1925.
A small museum provides historical background to this intriguing medieval fortress.
See our article on Bodiam Castle history, and while you are there don't overlook the fascinating little parish church of St Giles, located just up the hill from the castle, where you will find some excellent medieval brasses.
Visiting Bodiam Castle
While I could go on and on about what a fascinating historical site this is (and it truly is!), my best tip for visiting is to take the regular boat hire service from nearby Newenden. This departs from the bridge on the A28 and takes a wonderfully relaxed 45 minutes to get to the castle. The experience is terrific; the boat captain let our children each have a turn as pilot, and they loved it. The cost is extremely reasonable, and you get plenty of time to explore the castle before heading back up the river for the return journey.
Address: Bodiam, Robertsbridge, East Sussex, England, TN32 5UA
Attraction Type: Castle
Location: 12 m N Hastings, off A21
Phone: 01580 830 196
National Trust - see also: National Trust memberships (official website link)
OS: TQ786 257
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
Bodiam, St Giles Church - 0.3 miles (Historic Church)
Ewhurst Green, St James the Great - 0.9 miles (Historic Church)
Great Dixter Gardens - 2.2 miles (Garden)
Newenden, St Peter - 2.5 miles (Historic Church)
Northiam, St Mary - 2.5 miles (Historic Church)
Brede High Woods - 3.4 miles (Countryside)
Merriments Garden - 3.5 miles (Garden)
Benenden, St George's Church - 4.4 miles (Historic Church)
Nearest Accommodation to Bodiam:
Nearest Self Catering Cottages
Nearest Bed and Breakfasts
Nearest Tourist Information Centre ('as the crow flies')
Tourist Information Centre
2 Manor Row, High Street
Tel: 01233 330 316