History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
HERITAGE HIGHLIGHTS: Robert Adam library
The estates at Mellerstain changed hands among leader Border families throughout the medieval period. But the real history of Mellerstain House starts in 1642, when King Charles I granted lands at Mellerstain to an Edinburgh merchant named George Baillie. Bailiie lived in a fortified tower house situated where the mansion now stands. But he did not have long to enjoy his new home, for he died in 1646 and was succeeded by his son, Robert Baillie. Robert was a firm follower of the Covenanter principles, and his beliefs brought him into regular conflict with the authorities. In 1676 he was imprisoned in Edinburgh Tolbooth for an attempt to rescue his brother-in-law from arrest. In addition to 'serving time' in the Tolbooth he was fined 500 pounds, a huge sum for the times.
A romantic tale
While he was in prison Sir Patrick Hume, later to become the Earl of Marchmont, sent his daughter Grisell, aged only 12, to carry messages to Baillie. Baillie was eventually released, but in 1684 he was in trouble with the government again, and this time he did not pay with a fine, but with his life, executed for high treason. His estates were forfeited to the crown, and his son, George Baillie, now penniless, fled to the Low Countries.
The family fortunes continued to improve, and in 1725 the Baillies decided to replace their outmoded tower house with a grand new mansion in classical style. Architect William Adam was called upon to provide plans for an ornate house with long wings astride a central block. He also laid out formal gardens in a Dutch style, with a newly formed lake surrounded by raised banks and dotted with classical statues. But only the two wings of the new house were complete before George Baillie died in 1738, leaving the house unfinished. For 40 years the house stood thus, with one wing used by the family and the other shared between servants and horses! Lady Baillie carried on on her own, administering the house and estate. Part of administering the house involved keeping precise records, and these household accounts provide a vivid picture of life in a mid-18th century house.
We came here as a family group, with our young children. Its always a bit of a gamble bringing children to a stately home, but actually they quite enjoyed themselves (the promise of an ice cream at the end of the visit helped). The adults enjoyed themselves too, but for different reasons. The interiors of the house are wonderful; the Georgian neo-classical style is one of my favourite time periods, and the Adams, father and son, were masters of the style. The setting is superb, with wonderful gardens and parkland surrounding the house (which not coincidentally provided plenty of space for our children to run about and burn off excess energy). I loved Mellerstain and would happily return again.
About Mellerstain House
Address: Mellerstain, Gordon, Borders, Scotland, TD3 6LG
Attraction Type: Historic House
Location: 6 m (10 km) NW Kelso, off A6089
Website: Mellerstain House
Phone: 01573 410 225
Fax: 01573 410 636
Historic Houses Association
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
We've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned.
Historic Time Periods:
Find other attractions tagged with:
18th century (Time Period) - castle (Architecture) - Charles I (Person) - Georgian (Time Period) - Medieval (Time Period) - neo-classical (Architecture) - Robert Adam (Person) - tower house (Architecture) -
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
Greenknowe Tower - 2.3 miles (Castle)
Smailholm Tower - 2.9 miles (Historic Building)
Floors Castle - 4.8 miles (Historic House)
Mertoun House Gardens - 5 miles (Garden)
Dryburgh Abbey - 5.9 miles (Abbey)
Kelso Abbey - 6 miles (Abbey)
Melrose Abbey - 7 miles (Abbey)
Priorwood Garden - 7 miles (Garden)
Nearest Accommodation to Mellerstain House: