The exterior wall of the broch at Gurness
The exterior wall of the broch at Gurness
Summary
A well preserved Iron Age broch with a surrounding settlement, with evidence of later use during the Norse period.

When was it built?
Gurness was built in the 1st century AD. It consisted of a tall central tower surrounded by three concentric rings of earthworks and ditches, with access by way of a causeway on the eastern end of the site. The area within these defenses was filled with domestic buildings, the foundations of which are clearly visible. At the height of its prosperity these buildings would have supported a small community of up to 40 people. We don't know the original height of the broch. The walls now stand to a height of 3.5 metres at their tallest, and it appears that after the settlement was abandoned the walls were partly dismantled in order to use the stones for other building projects.
Interior of Gurness broch
Interior of Gurness broch
Within the broch
The first thing you notice when entering is the sheer mass and width of the walls. It is no wonder they still stand after the passage of so many centuries! Within the enclosure the original central hearth is clearly visible, as is the underground tank for water. Large upright slabs help divide the space into chambers, and in one corner a well-worn quern, or grinding stone, can be seen.

The settlement
The remains of the settlement surrounding the broch offers a wonderful glimpse into Pictish life. There is one very large rectangular building, divided into five chambers, and several smaller buildings, some of which may have served as workshop areas. One large building has been suggested as a possible Norse Hall. This hypothesis was given some credence when the grave of a Viking woman was discovered nearby.

Getting There
Gurness is located on a minor road off the A966 from Finstown to Evie. The turning is well signposted from the A966. There is good parking on the shores of the sea facing Rousay. Look carefully along the shore near the car park; we noticed some curious seals watching us as we walked to the broch.
Our verdict
A very well-preserved broch. What is fascinating here are the remains of later settlements on the site. Well worth a visit. Our children, ages 5 and 11, very much enjoyed Gurness, as it offered lots of nooks and crannies, and small passages just their size. The visitor centre also offered some entertaining and educational hands-on activities for the younger generation.

Looking across to Rousay
Looking across to Rousay
A stone hearth inside the broch
A stone hearth inside the broch
A stone cupboard
A stone cupboard




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About Gurness
Address: Aikerness, Mainland, Orkney, Orkney, Scotland
Attraction Type: Prehistoric Site
Location: NW Kirkwall, off the A966
Website: Gurness
Phone: 01856 751 414
Historic Scotland
Location map
OS: HY 381268
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express


HERITAGE

HeritageWe've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned.

Historic Time Periods:

Prehistoric

Find other attractions tagged with:

1st century (Time Period) - broch (Historical Reference) - Iron Age (Architecture) - Pictish (Architecture) - Prehistoric (Time Period) - Viking (Historical Reference) -


NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS

Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest

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Cubbie Row’s Castle - 3.8 miles (Castle) Heritage Rating



Nearest Accommodation to Gurness:

Nearby accommodation is calculated 'as the crow flies' from Broch of Gurness. 'Nearest' may involve a long drive up and down glens or, if you are near the coast, may include a ferry ride! Please check the property map to make sure the location is right for you.

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