St Catherines Castle
History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
Construction could not have been swift, for a map of 1630 shows it with a caption 'half made'. Records show that the man in charge of building the castle was Thomas Treffry, who later designed St Mawes Castle and Pendennis Castle. St Catherine's seems much more rudimentary by comparison to those latter castles, so Treffry must have learned lessons from his first major building project here.
There is a lookout on the first floor and a spiral stair to the roof, which must originally have had a parapet. One thing that will be immediately obvious when you view the castle is that there are no quarters for a garrison. It seems that St Catherine's was never intended to house soldiers, but was more of a temporary defensive fortification.
There is a gateway at the north east end of the wall and a bastion part way along this north east stretch of wall.
The castle was garrisoned for the king during the Civil War, but by 1684 it was already described as in ruinous condition.
In 1855, when the Crimean War was underway, fears of an invasion ran high. St Catherine's Castle was refurbished, with a small battery supporting a pair of guns erected below the Tudor fort. The new gun platform was protected by a parapet wall, and served by a magazine built into the solid rock.
VisitingThe easiest way to visit St Catherine's Castle is to park at Readymoney car parking area, which is well signposted as you enter Fowey. From the car park follow the footpath down to the harbour and beach at Readmoney cove, and then up the hill on the souther flank of the cove. The going is fairly steep, but it is only about 10 minutes until you come to the castle.
There are two paths; one that leads to the lower gateway in the wall, and the other that circles around above the castle, so you can look down on the fortress from above and get wonderful views across the estauary to Polruan. The upper route doesn't allow direct access to the castle; you have to go back down to the lower level so you can go through the gateway and onto the firing platform. a set of step stairs cut into the solid rock lead up to the Tudor fort itself. The castle ruins are just that; ruins.
The Tudor fort consists of little more than a roofless shell, with most of its original gun ports fairly intact. The firing platform is more intact, and you can see the channels that helped gun crews manouevre the guns into firing position. There is only one information panel, which doesn't give a whole lot of information. The location more than makes up for that, however; the castle's position on the edge of the high cliff is stunning.
About St Catherines Castle
Address: Fowey, Cornwall, England, PL23 1JH
Attraction Type: Castle
Location: 1 mile south west of Fowey along footpath off the A3082
Website: St Catherines Castle
English Heritage - see also: English Heritage memberships (official website)
OS: SX118 508
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
Opening Details: Open access site, usually accessible at any reasonable time
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Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
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