History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
HERITAGE HIGHLIGHTS: Deal and Walmer Castles
HistoryIn 1228 Deal was named a 'limb port' of the Cinque Ports, a status which made it an important shipping port. Deal boatmen were granted the right to freely import goods in exchange for helping to provide what was in essence the only naval defence in England.
From its link to the Cinque Ports Deal grew to become the busiest port in England during the medieval period. The peculiarity is that Deal does not have a traditional harbour. The Goodwin Sands provide a sheltered anchorage, so that larger ships could anchor and have their goods transfered to docks on shore by small tenders vessels.
Henry VIII built no less than 3 castles in and around Deal. Of these, two remain; Deal and Walmer Castles. Walmer is the official residence of the Lord of the Cinque Ports. Perhaps the most famous Lord was Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, who died in the castle. The chambers he used are preserved as they were at the time of his death and the castle exhibits a large number of Wellington memorabilia and personal belongings.
As for Deal Castle, it is a concentric fortress made to withstand 16th century advances in artillery power. The building is low to the earth, and built in the shape of a six-petalled flower with projecting bastions surrounded by earthworks.
In 1672 a naval yard was built, with repair facilities and storehouses covering 5 acres of land, again boosting Deal's naval importance.
The Time Ball Tower Museum on Prince of Wales Street is housed in a peculiar tower built in 1820. At precisely 1 o'clock every day, a large ball was dropped from a pole atop the tower to enable ships to set their clocks.
Deal barracks were built in the late 18th century, and developed into a Royal Marines depot, barracks, and hospital. The East Barracks later served as home to the Royal Marine School of Music.
Nearby is the Deal Maritime & Local History Museum, telling the story of Deal and the Cinque Ports.
Address: Deal, Kent, England
Attraction Type: Town
OS: TR 3753 5187
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
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NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
Deal Castle - 0.2 miles (Castle)
Walmer Castle and Gardens - 1.1 miles (Castle)
Sandwich, St Clement's Church - 4.7 miles (Historic Church)
The Secret Gardens of Sandwich - 4.7 miles (Garden)
Sandwich, St Peter's Church - 4.7 miles (Historic Church)
Sandwich, St Mary's Church - 4.9 miles (Historic Church)
Waldershare, All Saints Church - 5.3 miles (Historic Church)
South Foreland Lighthouse - 5.4 miles (Historic Building)
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