History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
HERITAGE HIGHLIGHTS: 12th century Bungay castle
After the Norman Conquest the existing Saxon estates were granted to William de Noyers. It was probably de Noyers who built the first castle at Bungay, probably to protect himself from hostile Saxon natives.
That first castle was replaced by a much stronger stone castle around 1164 under the powerful Hugh Bigod, Earl of Suffolk. The obstreperous Hugh was given to frequent rebellions against the crown. His new castle at Bungay was an affirmation of his wealth and independence, a thumbing of his proud nose at the English crown. The castle, whose impressive ruins stand just pff the market place, had walls 16-22 feet thick, and stood over 70 feet high - higher than the impressive tower of St Mary's church. Henry II ordered the castle destroyed, but Hugh bought him off. A 13th century descendent built the twin towers that front the castle enclosure, and are the castle's most impressive feature.
We've mentioned St Mary's church. This impressive and spacious medieval building stands off the Market Place. It was built in the 12th century to serve a small Benedictine priory, the ruins of which can still be seen in the churchyard to the east of the church. An old story says that in 1577 St Mary's received a visit from the infamous Black Dog of Bungay (the Devil in disguise). The Black Dog must have made quite an impression on the terrified parishioners, as he is commemorated on the town crest.
A little further east brings you to Bungay's oldest building, Holy Trinity church. This delightful little church has a distinctive round tower that dates to the late Saxon period. If you look closely at the south doorway you will notice that the stones are discoloured from the effects of a disastrous fire that swept the town in 1688. The fire was stopped at the church door, a fact recalled by a memorial plaque in the church porch.
The fire did destroy the old medieval market place, but the rebuilding of that busy area in the centre of town gave Bungay perhaps its most elegant historic building, a delightful Butter Cross, built in classical style. A weekly market has been held here since 1382. The Butter Cross once housed a prison with a dungeon. This was later replaced by an iron cage for containing miscreants. The area around the Butter Cross is full of interesting old buildings, despite the ravages of the 17th century fire.
Off Borough Well Lane is Borough Well, a source of water since Roman times. The well itself is a Tudor construction. On Bridge Street (number 34) the French politician and writer Chateaubriand took refuge when he fled France in 1797 during the French Revolution.
There is a very nice town trail leaflet available locally, which has details on all the places mentioned here.
Address: Bungay, Suffolk, England
Attraction Type: Town
Location: Off the A143 5 miles west of Beccles. Lots of parking, both on-street and in town parking areas off the Market Place.
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
We've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned.
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12th century (Time Period) - 13th century (Time Period) - 17th century (Time Period) - 7th century (Time Period) - castle (Architecture) - Henry II (Person) - Hugh Bigod (Person) - Medieval (Time Period) - Norman (Architecture) - Roman (Time Period) - Saxon (Time Period) - Tudor (Time Period) -
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
Bungay, Holy Trinity Church - 0 miles (Historic Church)
Bungay, St Mary's Church - 0.1 miles (Historic Church)
Bungay Castle - 0.1 miles (Castle)
South Elmham, All Saints - 4.1 miles (Historic Church)
South Elmham Minster - 4.8 miles (Historic Church)
Hales Church - 5 miles (Historic Church)
Heckingham, St Gregory's Church - 5.7 miles (Historic Church)
Raveningham Hall - 5.7 miles (Garden)
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