Micklegate Bar Museum
Micklegate Bar Museum
Micklegate Bar Museum stands on the course of York's famous wall walk, and marks the most important medieval gateway into York. Micklegate is one of the last surviving medieval city gates of York, and was the main entrance into York throughout the medieval period. The Micklegate Bar Museum is located inside the medieval gatehouse, encased in history! The museum explores the history of Micklegate and its role in the history of York.
The importance of Micklegate is apparent when you consider the meaning of the name; a combination of 'mykill' (great) and 'gata' (street), giving 'Great Street'. Such was the importance of the Bar that any reigning monarch traditionally entered the city here. More gruesomely, the heads of executed traitors were displayed on spikes from the top of the Bar, to serve as a warning to passers-by. Replica heads are displayed inside the museum if you've a mind to relive that particular feature of Micklegate's past!

The Bar dates to the 12th century, though it has been remodelled numerous times in the intervening centuries. It was rbuilt in the late 12th century, and in the 14th century it was extended to create a three-storey structure with a portcullis, to control passage through the arched opening. Most of the external facade we can see today dates from the 14th century. The side of the Bar facing Micklegate (i.e. inside the walls) was rebuilt in plaster and timber around 1585, and passages on either side of the main gate were inserted in 1753 (north side) and 1863 (south side).

There have been numerous Roman finds in the area of Micklegate - indeed, pieces of Roman stone, including a stone cofffin, have been integrated into the Micklegate Bar structure - but the actual gatehouse is not on the line of the Roman walls.

Not only was Micklegate a gateway into medieval York, but it served as a dwelling house. A special exhibition in the museum shows what it was like for the families that lived within these thick stone walls. Another exhibition area tells the bloody tale of the Battle of Towton, the decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses. The Bar had a role, albeit second-hand, to play in the battle. In the events leading up to the conflict Richard, Duke of York, the future Edward IV's father, his brother, and other Yorkist supporters were executed and their heads stuck up on Micklegate Bar, as was customary at the time. After the Battle of Towton the victorious Edward entered York in triumph, only to find the heads of his family still there over the gateway. He retaliated by executing major Lancastrian supporters, whose heads took their place atop the Bar. Some artefacts from the battle are on display, as well as information panels on the background to the battle.

The museum runs a regular programe of education, and there are a variety of educational materials available for families and school groups.

Note that as of this writing an admission ticket to the museum will give you free admission for 12 months. Usually open daily.