Castles in Warwickshire
This page Kenilworth Castle - Warwick Castle
One of England's most important medieval castles, Kenilworth was begun by Geoffrey de Clinton about 1120. Edward II abdicated his crown at Kenilworth, and Elizabeth I was royally entertained here. Among the best surviving features of the castle is John of Gaunt's Banqueting Hall, English Heritage, who administer the site, have recreated an authentic Elizabethan garden.
One of the great castles of England, the first castle at Warwick was erected by William the Conqueror, though nothing but the mound of William's fortress remains. The present castle was begun after Simon de Montfort's troops leveled the old one in 1264. The castle is defended by high curtain walls, a huge portcullis, and a series of deadly murder holes. Visit the original castle dungeons, and see a haunted room where murder was done. The interior chambers feature a fascinating "Edwardian Weekend" house party tableau by Madame Tussaud's.
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Mary, Queen of Scots was moved here following the failure of the Babington Plot to free her from captivity in 1586
She was executed here the following year
Richard III was born at this castle
This Day in British History
20 December, 1192
Richard I captured and imprisoned by Leopold V of Austria
Richard (the Lionheart) and Leopold had become enemies on the 3rd Crusade. Richard was only freed after payment of a heavy ransom.