This soldier and war hero founded the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides
He made his name at the siege of Mafeking (1899-1900)
He popularized his ideas in the 1908 book 'Scouting for Boys'
22 October, 1877
Blantyre mining disaster
The worst mining accident in Scottish history hit the Blantyre Colliery, killing 207 miners. The company evicted the surviving families from their cottages 6 months later.