This soldier and war hero founded the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides
He made his name at the siege of Mafeking (1899-1900)
He popularized his ideas in the 1908 book 'Scouting for Boys'
18 December, 1640
Parliament impeaches Archbishop Laud
Laud was charged with Catholic leanings, causing the failed war against the Scots, and tyrannical misuse of power