Canna
Canna
Canna is the westernmost isle in the Small Isles, situated off Scotland's west coast. The island is just 5 miles from tip to toe, and 1 mile across. The entire island is cared for by the National Trust for Scotland.
The island has been inhabited for at least 9000 years, and has developed long-standing traditions and a way of life that has changed very little over the centuries. There are no cars on Canna, so get used to walking to enjoy the amazing scenery and bird life. Canna glories in the nickname 'The Garden of The Hebrides', a tribute to the fertile soil - something that canot be said for all the Hebridean islands!

There is a very large bird population, and Canna has been a recognised bird sanctuary for over 75 years. Over 20,000 seabirds breed here. Among the star species are puffins, guillemots and razorbills.

The coastline is known for its striking basalt cliffs, punctuated by caves and sea stacks alternating with sandy stretches of secluded beach.

History

Canna belonged to the monks of Iona, possibly as early as the 7th century. It is possible, though unlikely, that the island was used by St Columba as a monastic retreat. Even if Columba imself did nbot come here, the island definitely had a very early Christian presence. a pair of carved crosses have been discovered, one datingt to the 10th century. Ten grave slabs marked with crosses have also been found.

On the south coast is Sgorr nam Ban-naomha, the remains of an early Christian monastic enclosure. The name translates loosely as 'slope of the holy women', suggesting a possible nunnery. If so, the nuns coud only have been supplied by sea, for the location makes access very difficult. A trio of carved stones incised with with crosses were found within the enclosure during excavations.

Even more intriguing is a 'cursing stone' discovered in 2012. The stone dates to around AD 800 and is the first ever discovered in Scotland.

The Norse held western Scotland from the 9th century until the Battle of Largs, and though traces of Norse settlemet are few, place names suggest the Norse heritage. One intriguing historic site with a Norse link is Uaigh Righ Lochlainn ("The grave of the King of Norway"), located near the northern tip of the island at Rubha Langan-innis. Though it is called a grave, no remains have been found, indeed it is difficult to interpet the remains, which consist of a rectangular enclosure some 33 feet long.

Coroghon CastlePerhaps the most intriguing historic site on Canna is a ruinous structure atop a sea stack off the island's east coast. The odd structure is known as Coroghon Castle, said to have been built by a jealous husband as a prison for his wife. It is possible that the structure was a pre-Christian dun, later altered in the medieval period to form a prison.

The island's former church has been restored and is now a Gaelic study centre operated by the Hebridean Trust.

Getting There

Access is by passenger CalMac ferry from Mallaig or by cruise ships from Arisaig and Mallaig.

Staying on Canna

Canna is ome place you don't visit on a whim! The National Trust for Scotland operates several holiday cottages, and there is also a private guest house and holiday cottage. See full information on the official NTS website or the Isle of Canna's own website at www.theisleofcanna.com.

UPDATE
Its unfortunate to report, but the National Trust for Scotland is not going to be offering holiday cottage accommodation for 2015 or 2016. Here's hoping this changes in future.