Mary Rose
Mary Rose
The Mary Rose was a powerful warship, built on the orders of King Henry VIII between 1509 and 1511. The vessel was probably named for Henry's favourite sister, Mary. The ship went down off Portsmouth in 1545, but was later raised and is preserved in Portsmouth harbour.

The Mary Rose served until 1545 when she sank suddenly with great loss of life in a battle against the French fleet off Portsmouth in 1545.

The ship measured 32 metres along the keel and 11.66 metres in width. She was rated at 500 tons when she was built, though this figure had been raised to 700 tons by the time she sank.

The Mary Rose was one of the first ships built by Henry VIII after he came to the throne in 1509. Henry thought it a priority to expand the royal navy, which at that time consisted of only five full-time ships.

The sinking of the Mary Rose has been the subject of great debate since she sank on 19 July 1545. The French claimed that they sank the ship with a naval bombardment. The English, in contrast, blamed poor seamanship, or poor stability of the vessel after its latest refit. Whatever the reason, about 500 men drowned when the Mary Rose suddenly keeled over and sank during the engagement with the French.

A huge archaeological and engineering project result in a large section of the hull being raised in 1982, and the ship was towed to a special conservation building in Portsmouth for preservation and display to the public.

The Mary Rose is one of several vessels on display at the Portsmouth Historic Dockyard. Others include the HMS Victory and HMS Warrior. Also at the dockyard is the Royal Naval Museum.