The beautifully preserved 15th century timber roof
The beautifully preserved 15th century timber roof

St Mawgan is thought to have been a 6th century Welsh missionary to Cornwall, though the first reference to Mawgan does not come until the 10th century. The circular shape of the churchyard at Mawgan-in-Meneage (so named to distinguish it from St Mawgan-in-Pydar near Newquay), suggests that the church was established at a very early date, perhaps contemporary with Mawgan's mission to Cornwall.

The term 'Meneage' comes from Cornish for 'land of the monks', another indication of an early monastic settlement linked to St Mawgan.

The earliest part of the present building is 13th century, though most of the building dates to several centuries later. One remarkable early feature is the 15th century roof, which has survived almost completely intact.

The porch is early 16th century, and it protects a south doorway with 14th century mouldings. To the right of the door is a medieval holy water stoup, and a Tau-cross of St Anthony is carved into the doorstep.

14th century effigies of Sir Roger and Lady Johanna Carminowe
14th century effigies of Sir Roger and Lady Johanna Carminowe

The nave is 13th century and is the oldest part of the present church. Near the door is a 13th century octagonal font in the shape of a goblet.

In the south aisle is a large brass memorial to Major Edmund Pelly-Clarke, who was born in India, while his father was a serving soldier from Mawgan. Pelly-Clarke entered the military like his father and was mentioned in despatches for his bravery during the Zulu wars in Natal. He died off Malaga in 1882 at the age of just 39.

In the Lady Chapel is a large memorial to Sir Roger de Carminowe and his widow Lady Johanna. Sir Roger served under Edward I in his wars with Scotland and went on crusade to Palestine. He was a Knight of the Shire in the Parliament of 1300, and he witnessed royal charters in 1301 and 1302, so he must have been a figure of some importance at Edward's court.

Sir Roger died in 1308. The effigies originally stood within the family chapel between Mawgan and Gunwalloe, but were moved to Mawgan church in the early 17th century. The informative church guidebook says that Sir Roger 'was a descendant of King Arthur', though makes no mention of how it arrives at this remarkable claim.

During restoration of the church by Edward Sedding in 1865 a grave was discovered beneath the Lady Chapel. The grave held a skeleton, 3 skulls, fragments of carved alabaster, and rather bizarrely, pieces of a hammer and rake. There was no indication as to who the remains belonged to so they were reburied with care in their original location. Also in the Lady Chapel is a medieval font said to have been brought from the redundant chapel of All Saints in Helston.

Hannibal Basset acrostic brass memorial, c. 1708
Hannibal Basset acrostic brass memorial, c. 1708

On a pillar between the Lady Chapel and the nave is a small memorial brass to Hannibel Basset, dated 1708. Beneath a skull and crossed bones is a fascinating inscription in the form of an acrostic; a poem where the four words on each line are repeated in a different order, and can be read line by line as well as up and down.

The inscription reads:

Shall we all dye
we Shall dye all
all dye Shall we
dye all we Shall

The chancel is full of monuments to generations of the local Vyvyan family. The altar candlesticks were given in memory of three young men who died in a boating accident on the Helford River in 1931. Two were sons of the Mawgan rector, Canon Young.

Hannibal Vyvyan funeral helm and sword, 1609
Hannibal Vyvyan funeral helm and sword, 1609

In the north aisle is a wide stone shelf formed from a medieval alta slab. Under the aisle floor is the mausoleum of Sir Richard Vyvyan, a Royalist suporter in the Civil War, who served as Master of the Mint at Exeter. High on the wall above is a funeral helm and sword belonging to Hannibal Vyvyan (d. 1609).

In the north aisle is a list of rectors goiung back to 1281, though it seems certain that the earliest rector was actually installed in 1259. Look for the name of Sampson Bond, who was ejected from the living in 1662. Like many rectors installed during Cromwell's Commonwealth he was removed after Charles II regained the throne.

Memorials worth noting include a beautifully carved monument to Sir Vyell Vyvyan, d. 1820, with a relief carving of two grieving female figures clasping a funeral urn. The memorial is easily twice the size and much grander than the understated carved tablet to Sir Vyell's wife Mary (d. 1812). The longevity of the Vyvyan family is brought home by a beautifuly carved grave slab set into the floor, carved in memory of an earlier Vyell Vyvyan, who died in 1696.

St Mawgan's church is very easy to find. It is near the eastern end of the village, on the main east/west road. The church was open when we visited.

While you are in Mawgan don't miss the chance to see the 6th century inscribed Mawgan Cross, on the village green just west of the church.

About Mawgan-in-Meneage
Address: Churchtown, Mawgan-in-Meneage, Cornwall, England, TR12 6AD
Attraction Type: Historic Church
Location: At the eastern edge of the village, reached by minor roads from Helston
Location map
OS: SW709250
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express


NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS

Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest

Mawgan Cross - 0.2 miles (Prehistoric Site) Heritage Rating

Halliggye Fogou - 0.7 miles (Prehistoric Site) Heritage Rating

Bonython Estate Gardens - 2.5 miles (Garden) Heritage Rating

Helston Museum - 3.5 miles (Museum) Heritage Rating

Helston, St Michael's Church - 3.6 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating

Trebah Garden - 3.9 miles (Garden) Heritage Rating

Glendurgan Gardens - 4 miles (Garden) Heritage Rating

Mullion, St Mellanus Church - 4.1 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating



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Nearest Tourist Information Centre ('as the crow flies')

Helston and Lizard Peninsula
Tourist Information Centre
79 Meneage Street
Helston
Cornwall
England
TR13 8RB
Tel: 01326 565 431
Fax: 01326 572 803
Email: info@helstontic.demon.co.uk
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