History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
The Crescent, in particular, was a self-conscious attempt to immitate the success of other spa towns, notably Bath. It is modelled after The Crecent in Bath, and when built it contained a ballroom, assembly room, shops, and a town house for the Duke. Behind the Crescent were the circular stables, covered by a huge dome which was once the largest unsupported dome in the world. It is now the property of the University of Derby.
The Thermal Baths (1851-53) now house the local tourism information centre. Nearby is the Old Hall Hotel, which was the town house of Bess of Hardwick when she and her husband, the Earl of Shrewsbury, visited Buxton.
Buxton remained a relative backwater throughout the next 70 years, however, until the coming of the railway in 1863 ushered in a period of prosperity. Easy transportation made Buxton an extremely popular destination in the late Victorian period; town houses sprang up, and the fashionable Opera House (1903) was erected to serve as a cultural centre for the throngs of visitors.
The Buxton Museum is a former Museum of the Year award-winner. The upstairs Peak District exhibition showcases the history and geography of the national park, while the gallery hosts works of art by local artists. There are also displays of local geology and historical artefacts. The Peak District exhibition charges a small entry fee, but the rest of the museum is free.
At roughly 1000 feet in elevation, Buxton is subject to hard winter weather, but for all that it is an enjoyable spot to visit, and an excellent centre for touring the Peaks.
The Poole in question was a 15th century thief, who was reputed to use the caves here as his hideout. The caves have been in use since the Neolithic period, and artefacts have been found from the Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Roman period. The caverns boast exceptional formations, including colourful blue and orange stalactites created by minerals leaching from the limestone roof of the caves.
We've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned.
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Mary, Queen of Scots (Person) -
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
Poole's Cavern - 0.8 miles (Family Attraction)
Forest Chapel - 5.3 miles (Historic Church)
Lyme Park - 8 miles (Historic House)
Arbor Low - 8.8 miles (Prehistoric Site)
Macclesfield, Christ Church - 9 miles (Historic Church)
Peveril Castle - 9.2 miles (Castle)
Blue John Cavern - 9.2 miles (Family Attraction)
Speedwell Cavern - 9.2 miles (Family Attraction)
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