History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
There are actually three Matlocks stretching along the Derwent River; Matlock Bank and Matlock Bath join with Matlock itself to provide a popular centre for hill climbing and cavern exploring in the limestone hills nearby. The Matlocks were once thriving inland spa towns, famous for the mineral springs that burble to the surface here. Most of the "hydros" or spa hotels that catered to visitors were located in Matlock Bank; at the height of the towns popularity in the late Victorian period at least 20 hydros vied for attention.
The attractive four-arched bridge across the Derwent dates from the 15th century. It was the subject of a painting by JMW Turner, "The Bridge at Matlock". In Matlock itself ("Old Matlock") you will find most of the buildings which predate the town's spa heyday. St. Giles church is an attractive building with a Perpendicular style west tower and a Norman font (re-discovered in the Rectory garden!).
Overlooking the towns are the rocky crags of High Tor and the Heights of Abraham, so named because a local army officer returning from fighting the French in Quebec with General Wolfe said that it resembled the cliffs along the St. Lawrence River. The Heights can be reached by cable car starting near the railway station. Two showcaves are open to the public at the Heights of Abraham; Rutland Cavern and Great Masson Cavern are both natural caverns that were expanded through lead mining.
High Tor is an imposing limestone cliff above Matlock Bath. At the top of the cliff is a pleasure garden now owned by the local authority. Paths wind along the edge of the cliffs, providing superb views - but there are no fences, so you must have a head for heights! Behind the Tor are the remains of two mines which may date back to the Roman era.
Peak District Mining Museum - The museum, owned by the Peak District Mines Historical Society, is located in the former Pavilion Building in Matlock Bath. The building was the former Pump room of Matlock's spa days. In the museum exhibits tell the story of the area's lead mining history from Roman days to the present. There are extensive displays of mining equipment, including pumps, as well as displays showing what a miner's life was like, and models of lead workings.
St Giles church website
Address: Matlock, Peak District, Derbyshire, England
Attraction Type: Town
OS: SK298 602
We've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned.
Historic Time Periods:
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Victorian (Time Period) -
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low to exceptional) on historic interest
Heights of Abraham - 1.1 miles (Family Attraction)
Peak Cavern - 1.2 miles (Family Attraction)
Peak District Lead Mining Museum - 1.3 miles (Museum)
Bonsall, St James Church - 1.7 miles (Historic Church)
Masson Mills - 1.8 miles (Historic Building)
Cascades Gardens - 1.8 miles (Garden)
Cromford Mills - 2 miles (Historic Building)
Winster Market House - 3.5 miles (Historic Building)
Nearest Accommodation to Matlock: