Castles in Yorkshire
This page Bolton Castle - Sandal Castle
An imposing courtyard castle with rectangular towers, begun in 1379 by Richard le Scrope, Lord Chancellor to Richard II. Mary, Queen of Scots was imprisoned at Bolton Castle, and Parliament beseiged it during the Civil War. One of the most complete and impressive medieval castles in England.
One of the few castles that isn't called "castle"! Built by William the Conqueror in 1086. A steep climb up to the castle. Interpretive panels and a reconstruction model on view.
Conisbrough is an imposing 12th century castle said to be the inspiration for Sir Walter Scott's novel Ivanhoe. The castle is set on a natural slope above the Don Valley. In the 11th century Conisborough was owned by Harold Godwinson, later King Harold. The name is a reminder of this royal connection; it is likely a contraction of the Saxon Cyningesburh, or 'King's burh'.
The remains of Flamborough Castle stand off Tower Street, immediately west of the village war memorial, on the northwest side of the main Bridlington to Flamborough road in the centre of the village. The name 'castle' may be somewhat misleading; Flamborough Castle was a fortified manor house, built by the powerful Constable family in 1351.
A large and imposing 12th century castle overlooking the market town of Helmsley, on the southern edge of the North York Moors National Park. Helmsley Castle was built in 1120 by Walter Espec, who was also responsible for the founding of nearby Rievaulx Abbey and Kirkham Priory.
A mighty fortress on a rise of land between the rivers Cover and Ure. In the Middle Ages Middleham Castle was the power base of the Neville family. After the Battle of Barnet in 1471 the castle was seized by the crown. Middleham was slighted (made unusable) during the English Civil War, and today only the keep and castle walls survive to give an idea of how imposing this great fortress must have been in its heyday.
Established by William the Conqueror, Pickering is interesting primarily because it has changed so little since it was first built. William's wooden motte and bailey was transformed into stone in the 13th century, but that was pretty much the end of the remodeling. A shell keep tops a high mound, surrounded by an inner and outer ward.
A medieval fortress begun around 1070, Pontefract is best known as the place where Richard II died, probably murdered, in 1399. The castle was one of the most important in the north, and became a royal fortress in 1399. It was later home of the powerful John of Gaunt, son of Edward III. The castle housed a royalist garrison in he Civil War and was eventually destroyed by Parliamentarians in 1644. The most impressive aspect of the castle is the multi-lobed donjon.
A huge, stark Norman castle overlooking the River Swale, at the entrance to Swaledale. The fortifications are massively built, and have been hardly altered since the 12th century.
Sandal Castle is a motte and baily fortification on the outskirts of Wakefield, Yorkshire. The castle was probably erected early years of the 12th century. Its moment in the spotlight of history came in 1460, during the Wars of the Roses, when the Battle of Wakefield was fought nearby. Richard, Duke of York was killed in the battle, and scenes from Shakespeare's play, 'Henry VI', were set at Sandal Castle. The castle was defended by royal troops in the Civil War and destroyed by order of Parliament after the conflict ceased.
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