The first major battle of the English Civil War was fought 23 October 1642
Parliament was led by the Earl of Essex, the royalists by Charles I and Prince Rupert
The battle was indecisive but both sides claimed victory
22 October, 1877
Blantyre mining disaster
The worst mining accident in Scottish history hit the Blantyre Colliery, killing 207 miners. The company evicted the surviving families from their cottages 6 months later.