History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
When Arnulf rebelled against the crown in 1102, Henry I seized Pembroke Castle. Henry gave Nest, widow of Rhys (and Henry's own mistress), in marriage to Gerald de Windsor, who now acted as the king's steward. Henry established an intentional settlement, or borough, outside the castle, and set up a mint there. Henry then invited settlers from Flanders and England to inhabit his new borough, which became something of a heartland for the enclave known as 'little England beyond Wales'.
The last of Marshall's sons died in 1245, by which time the castle had taken on its present shape. In the late 13th century William de Valence added new domestic quarters and rebuilt the outer ward. His son, Aymer, built a perimeter wall to enclose the borough.
In 1642 the castle was garrisoned for Parliament, and the mayor of Pembroke town, John Poyer, rebuilt the castle defenses. After the war, Poyer championed the cause of unpaid and disaffected Parliamentary soldiers. Oliver Cromwell beseiged the town and castle, and after holding out for 2 months, Poyer and his allies surrendered. Poyer was executed, parts of the southern towers were destroyed, and sections of the town walls were pulled down. As a result, Pembroke Castle was left little more than a romantic ruin, a magnet for artists keen to paint its picturesque walls and remaining towers.
It was thanks to the efforts of Major-General Sir Ivor Philipps that Pembroke Castle was restored to the state we see today. Just before the Second World War Philipps undertook to finance a 10 year programme of restoration and archaeological investigation that helped bring the castle back to some semblance of its medieval grandeur.
Pembroke Castle is easily one of the most visited historic sites in Wales. There's a good reason for that; its one of the best preserved and most historically interesting medieval castles in a country that seems to specialise in such things! Its well worth taking the time to explore.
About Pembroke Castle
Address: Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales, SA71 4LA
Attraction Type: Castle
Location: On the A477
Website: Pembroke Castle
Phone: 01646 684585
OS: SM982 015
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
We've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned.
Find other attractions tagged with:
13th century (Time Period) - castle (Architecture) - Earl of Pembroke (Historical Reference) - Gerald de Windsor (Person) - Gilbert de Clare (Person) - Henry I (Person) - Henry VII (Person) - Margaret Beaufort (Person) - Nest (Person) - Norman (Architecture) - Oliver Cromwell (Person) - Owain Glyndwr (Person) - Rhys ap Tewdwr (Person) - William Marshall (Person) - William the Conqueror (Person) -
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
Lamphey Bishop's Palace - 2.3 miles (Historic Building)
St Petrox Church - 2.7 miles (Historic Church)
St Twynnells Church - 3.2 miles (Historic Church)
Stackpole, St James and St Elidyr Church - 3.2 miles (Historic Church)
Carew Castle - 3.7 miles (Castle)
Stackpole Estate - 3.7 miles (Garden)
Carew Cross - 4.3 miles (Historic Building)
Carew, St John the Baptist - 4.3 miles (Historic Church)
Nearest Accommodation to Pembroke Castle :
Nearest Self Catering Cottages
Nearest Bed and Breakfasts