Berwick-upon-Tweed
Berwick-upon-Tweed
Without doubt one of the most historic towns in England, Berwick stands at the mouth of the River Tweed, at the border with Scotland. Indeed, over the course of its long and sometimes bloody history, Berwick has been claimed by both Scotland and England. The ruins of a medieval castle still stand in the town, and the old town walls constructed by Elizabeth I of England remain, remarkably intact.
King David made Berwick one of only four royal boroughs in Scotland in 1120, and the port grew and prospered until it became one of the wealthiest and most powerful of Scottish cities in the early medieval period. From 1296 Berwick changed hands a remarkable 13 times, and the area around Berwick became a battleground, littered with fortifications. Today, Berwick makes a wonderful base for exploring the Northumberland coast and the Tweed valley.