History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
The castle's great hall was swept away when Berwick's train station was built. It is popularly believed that the chamber where Edward I accepted the submission of Scottish lords in 1296 is where the train platforms now lie.
HistoryBerwick's location on the traditional border between Scotland and England made it a frequent focus for attack by first one side then the other during the medieval period. David I of Scotland (reigned 1124 – 1153) built the first fortifications here, but Berwick was in English hands in 1292, when Edward I called the full parliament of England and a large number of Scottish nobles to the great hall of Berwick Castle to hear his judgement on the succession of the Scottish crown.
Edward had been asked to judge whether the crown should pass to John Balliol or Robert Bruce. Edward decided in favour of Balliol, though that was just a precursor to his own attempt to take the Scottish crown, and the outbreak of the Scottish Wars of Independence. Edward used the castle as a place to launch his invasions of Scotland.
Stone from the decaying castle was robbed for nearby building projects, most notably for the construction of Holy Trinity church. The final blow fell in the 19th century when what remained of the great hall was pulled down to make way for Berwick's new rail station. A plaque on the railway platform marks the traditional spot where Edward received oaths of allegiance from the Scottish nobility.
About Berwick Castle
Address: Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England, TD15 1DF
Attraction Type: Castle
Location: The castle ruins are beside Berwick train station. Open at any time.
Website: Berwick Castle
English Heritage - see also: English Heritage memberships (official website)
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
Opening Details: Open access site, usually accessible at any reasonable time
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NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
Berwick-upon-Tweed, Holy Trinity Church - 0.4 miles (Historic Church)
Berwick-upon-Tweed Barracks and Main Guard - 0.5 miles (Historic Building)
Paxton House - 3.8 miles (Historic House)
Union Chain Bridge - 3.9 miles (Historic Building)
Foulden Tithe Barn - 4.2 miles (Historic Building)
Norham Castle - 6.2 miles (Castle)
Ayton Castle - 6.5 miles (Historic House)
Eyemouth Museum - 7.4 miles (Museum)
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