Dalton Castle
Dalton Castle

Dalton Castle stands at the upper end of Dalton's High Street. The rectangular tower was built from in the early 14th century on the site of an earlier stronghold. The story goes that a raid by Scots under Robert the Bruce caused such damage to lands owned by powerful Furness Abbey that the abbot decided that a strong defensive structure was necessary. He ordered a tower built, and Dalton Castle is the result.

During the medieval period most of the Furness peninsula was owned by Furness Abbey. The abbey's right to the lordship of Furness was established in a grant by King Stephen in 1127. The charter gave the abbot of Furness the right to hold trials, establish courts, and adminster justice as he saw fit. A charter of 1292 shows that the abbot ordered a pillory, gallows, and a ducking stool to be built, so it would seem that his form of justice was quite severe, in line with to the standards of the day.

Robert Bruce of Scotland raided the Furness region in 1314, and probably destroyed the monk's administrative buildings. It was probably in response to this raid, and another Scottish attack in 1346, that a new, more strongly fortified administrative headquarters was built.

The castle and market cross
The castle and market cross

The new administrative building took the form of a fortified tower, to protect the abbey's possessions from further attack. Much of the stonework we see today dates to the period 1315-1360.

The castle is a simple structure, of the type known as a Peel Tower. This type of tower was very common in the north of England, and developed as a way to counter the threat of invasion by the Scots. Though it was not specifically built as a residence like other peel towers, it is indistinguishable in layout from other residential fortified towers such as Preston Tower in Northumberland.

Dalton Castle is an almost perfect rectangle, measuring 30 feet by 45 feet, with walls 6 feet thick. It stands three stories tall, and is surmounted by a simple parapet. Within the thick stone walls were a courtroom, two administration rooms, a gaol, storerooms, and guardrooms.

After the threat of Scottish invasion diminished, the castle served as a courthouse and a prison. By the late 14th century the Abbot held courts every three weeks to hear cases of trespass and debt.

The 14th century doorway
The 14th century doorway

When Furness Abbey was suppressed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries the castle was seized by the Crown, and Henry VIII ordered it to be repaired and strengthened, using stones taken from the ruins of Furness Abbey. He then granted to the Duke of Abermarle. From there it passed to the Dukes of Montagu, and then to the powerful Dukes of Buccleuch.

In 1644 a skirmish between Parliamentary soldiers and Royalist troops near Dalton led to captured Parliamentary soldiers being held in the dungeon of Dalton Castle. Those dungeons apparently fell out of use around 1774.

A restored first floor window
A restored first floor window

In 1856 the castle was radically rebuilt, when interior divisions were removed, turning the upper three floors into a single large chamber.

In 1965 Dalton Castle was given by the 8th Duke of Buccleuch to the National Trust. The Trust open it to the public, but only with limited weekend hours. The interior features a display of medieval armour and exhibits on the history of the castle and nearby Furness Abbey, as well as details on local artist George Romney.

In front of the castle is Market Place, the original site of the medieval market. You can still see large stone slabs where fish were laid out to dry in the sun.

About Dalton Castle
Address: Market Place, Dalton-in-Furness, Lake District, Cumbria, England, LA15 8AX
Attraction Type: Castle
Location: The castle is located in the market square, at the upper end of the High Street. Limited on-street parking, but paid parking areas very close.
Website: Dalton Castle
Email: daltoncastle@nationaltrust.org.uk
Phone: 01539 560951
National Trust - see also: National Trust memberships (official website link)
Location map
OS: SD226739
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express


HERITAGE

HeritageWe've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned.

Historic Time Periods:

Medieval

Find other attractions tagged with:

14th century (Time Period) - castle (Architecture) - George Romney (Person) - Medieval (Time Period) - Robert the Bruce (Person) -


NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS

Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest

Furness Abbey - 1.5 miles (Abbey) Heritage Rating

Bow Bridge - 1.6 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Swarthmoor Hall - 4 miles (Historic House) Heritage Rating

Hoad Monument - 5.3 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Piel Castle - 6.5 miles (Castle) Heritage Rating

Holker Hall - 8.5 miles (Historic House) Heritage Rating

Duddon Iron Furnace - 9.1 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Swinside Stone Circle - 9.2 miles (Prehistoric Site) Heritage Rating



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