Witney's medieval Butter Cross
Witney's medieval Butter Cross

About Witney
The historic market town of Witney is located in west Oxfordshire, about 10 miles from the county town of Oxford, in the valley of the River Windrush. The broad High Street is lined by attractive older buildings and modern shops, many built of warm-toned Cotswold stone.
History of Witney
There was a settlement here in the Saxon period, when the town was in royal hands, and was used as a meeting place for the king's council. In 1044 the manor of Witney was granted to the Bishops of Winchester, who built a palace near the current church. During the 13th century Witney grew to importance as a centre of the wool trade, and built a thriving industry based on cloth making.

In time the town specialized in the making of blankets and gloves, the high quality of which was said to have been a result of the properties of the River Windrush water used in the weaving process. At the height of its popularity as a blanket manufacturing centre in the late 17th century over 3000 people in Witney were engaged in the trade. The Woolgate shopping area is a reminder of those heady days of the wool trade; this was where the blankets were weighed and measured to ensure they lived up to Witney's high standards of manufacture.
St Mary's church, Witney
St Mary's church
Parish Church
The church of St Mary the Virgin stands at the very south end of the long Church Green. It is an extraordinarily large building, easily seen from a distance because of its tall spire, which reaches to 150 feet. The church is primarily Early English in style, and features a 12th century porch, lovely Decorated Gothic windows, the 14th century Wenman Chapel, and excellent medieval brasses on the Wenman Tomb in the south aisle.
Henry Box School
On the west side of the broad green of Witney a tree lined avenue leads to the Henry Box School. The school was founded by grocer Henry Box in 1660 as a public grammar school. It is now a Comprehensive School noted for its high academic standards.
Nearby
The Cogges Farm Museum is located just outside Witney. Just a few miles west are the romantic ruins of Minster Lovell Hall.
    HISTORIC HIGHLIGHTS
  • Early English parish church of St Mary the Virgin
  • Henry Box School, founded 1660
  • Medieval Butter Cross

About Witney
Address: Witney, Oxfordshire, England
Attraction Type: Town
Location: On the A40, 10 miles west of Oxford
Location map
OS: SP358099
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express


HERITAGE

HeritageWe've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned.

Historic Time Periods:

Medieval
Saxon

Find other attractions tagged with:

12th century (Time Period) - 13th century (Time Period) - 14th century (Time Period) - 17th century (Time Period) - Decorated (Architecture) - Early English (Architecture) - Medieval (Time Period) - Saxon (Time Period) -


NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS

Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest

Cogges Manor Farm Museum - 0.3 miles (Museum) Heritage Rating

Witney, St Mary's Church - 0.5 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating

Minster Lovell Hall and Dovecote - 2.3 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Minster Lovell, St Kenelm's Church - 2.3 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating

South Leigh, St James the Great - 2.3 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating

North Leigh, St Mary's Church - 2.8 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating

North Leigh Roman Villa - 4.2 miles (Roman Site) Heritage Rating

Asthall, St Nicholas Church - 4.5 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating



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