Kiplin Hall
Kiplin Hall
A wonderful Jacobean country house, built in 1620 for George Calvert, Secretary of State to King James I. Calvert later became the 1st Lord Baltimore, and founded the American colony of Maryland. In many ways Kipilin Hall is unique among houses of the Jacobean period, with domed towers on each side flanking a central pavillion, instead of the more common corner towers.
The house is built of attractive red brick, and resembles a miniature Hatfield House. The Jacobean interiors were remodeled in the Victorian period, and now features historic furniture and family portraits as well as Arts and Crafts Movement artwork. Among the art on display is a collection of paintings by Louisa, Marchioness of Waterford.

Other intriguing items on display include a piece of wood thought to have been part of the block on which Charles I was beheaded, and the library chair used by Admiral Nelson aboard the HMS Victory. A special exhibit traces the role of George Calvert in the foundation of Maryland, and the history of the colony.

History
George Calvert was born at Kiplin, where his father leased land. In 1619 Calvert was able to purchase the estate, and he began building the Hall in 1620 as a hunting lodge. The house originally was composed of a long central room, with a symmetrical chambers on either side. The north and south towers had stairs inside, while the east and west towers were used as extra chambers.

After 1722 Christopher Crowe added a service wing, and redecorated the interiors with Georgian plasterwork and fireplaces. In 1820 the house was further expanded with the addition of the south wing, containing what is now the library.
There are 14 rooms on display, including the kitchen, dining room, drawing room, long gallery, and a family activity room. Outside are attractive wildflower woodlands with walking trails and a lily pond to enjoy.