Robert the Bruce struck a decisive blow for Scottish freedom at Bannockburn, near Stirling.
The Battle of Bannockburn
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
June 23-24, 1314
Scots under Robert Bruce vs. English under King Edward II
Robert the Bruce had rebelled against the English and was attempting to forge an independant Scotland. He besieged Stirling and extracted a promise of submission if the castle was not relieved by a set time. Edward II hurriedly marched north from England to counter the insurgence and reach Stirling in time. They met at Bannockburn, on the approaches to Stirling.
Bruce's tactics worked to perfection. The English cavalry hurled charge after charge against the massed spears of the Scottish front, to little effect. The Scottish cause was aided when a large group of their camp-followers was mistaken by the English for fresh Scottish troops, and the English army broke ranks and fled.
Discounted Historic Hotels
Name the Historic attraction
British Heritage Awards
Celebrate the best of British Heritage in our annual
British History Quiz
This conflict between King John and his most powerful nobles resulted in the signing of the Magna Carta in 1215
King John's failure to live up to the terms of the Magna Carta prompted the nobles to offer the crown to Louis of France
A second conflict with the same name errupted between Simon de Montfort and Henry VI in the late 13th century
This Day in British History
30 August, 1720
Birth of Samuel Whitbread
Whitbread founded Whitbread's brewing company in 1842 and later became a politician