Robert the Bruce struck a decisive blow for Scottish freedom at Bannockburn, near Stirling.
The Battle of Bannockburn
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
June 23-24, 1314
Scots under Robert Bruce vs. English under King Edward II
Robert the Bruce had rebelled against the English and was attempting to forge an independant Scotland. He besieged Stirling and extracted a promise of submission if the castle was not relieved by a set time. Edward II hurriedly marched north from England to counter the insurgence and reach Stirling in time. They met at Bannockburn, on the approaches to Stirling.
Bruce's tactics worked to perfection. The English cavalry hurled charge after charge against the massed spears of the Scottish front, to little effect. The Scottish cause was aided when a large group of their camp-followers was mistaken by the English for fresh Scottish troops, and the English army broke ranks and fled.
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This political and religious manifesto of 1638 was signed by those opposed to Charles I's religious policy in Scotland
The anti-Catholic document bound signatories to unite together and uphold true (i.e. Protestant) religion
It was followed in 1643 by the Solemn League and Covenant
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