Border feuds, not just with England, but also with
their neighbors, spurred much of the architecture of Scottish castles.
The tower house, built for two purposes-to serve as both a home
and a defense against attack-was often the basis for further expansion
into a full-blown castle. Some tower houses remained just that
and mirror a harsh and dangerous way of life. If you'd like to stay in a Scottish castle, see our Castle Hotels in Scotland page. For more information you might enjoy the Scottish Castles Association.
Blackness Castle Blackness, Lothian, Scotland One of Scotland's most important military strongholds, Blackness Castle was built in 1440's, strengthened in 16th century as an artillery fortress, and finally used as a Royal castle and an ammunition depot in the 1870's. The castle stands on a rocky promontory on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth.
Most popular Scottish castles
Many visitors come to Scotland just to see these historic castles: