Border feuds, not just with England, but also with
their neighbors, spurred much of the architecture of Scottish castles.
The tower house, built for two purposes-to serve as both a home
and a defense against attack-was often the basis for further expansion
into a full-blown castle. Some tower houses remained just that
and mirror a harsh and dangerous way of life. If you'd like to stay in a Scottish castle, see our Castle Hotels in Scotland page. For more information you might enjoy the Scottish Castles Association.
Duntulm Castle Kilmaluag, Highlands and Islands, Scotland A striking 14th century castle atop a sheer cliff, with views to the Western Isles. Erected by the MacLeod clan, on the site of an earlier broch, but later the family seat of the MacDonalds. Now a romantic, roofless ruin. ... more
Most popular Scottish castles
Many visitors come to Scotland just to see these historic castles: