Border feuds, not just with England, but also with
their neighbors, spurred much of the architecture of Scottish castles.
The tower house, built for two purposes-to serve as both a home
and a defense against attack-was often the basis for further expansion
into a full-blown castle. Some tower houses remained just that
and mirror a harsh and dangerous way of life. If you'd like to stay in a Scottish castle, see our Castle Hotels in Scotland page. For more information you might enjoy the Scottish Castles Association.
Kildrummy Castle Kildrummy, Grampian, Scotland The powerful castle at Kildrummy was begun around 1250, probably by William, Earl of Mar, chamberlain of Scotland under Alexander III. Throughout its long and turbulent history Kildrummy has seen siege and counter-siege, historic drama, forced marriage, treachery, and treason. ... more
Most popular Scottish castles
Many visitors come to Scotland just to see these historic castles: