Border feuds, not just with England, but also with
their neighbors, spurred much of the architecture of Scottish castles.
The tower house, built for two purposes-to serve as both a home
and a defense against attack-was often the basis for further expansion
into a full-blown castle. Some tower houses remained just that
and mirror a harsh and dangerous way of life. If you'd like to stay in a Scottish castle, see our Castle Hotels in Scotland page. For more information you might enjoy the Scottish Castles Association.
Caerlaverock Castle Glencaple, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland This triangular moated castle stands on the northern edge of the Solway Firth, beside the River Nith. For over 4 centuries Caerlaverock was home to the powerful Maxwell family, and defended the south western approach to Scotland. It was besieged, captured, recaptured, won and lost again and again in the endless border conflicts between the English and Scots. ... more
Most popular Scottish castles
Many visitors come to Scotland just to see these historic castles: