The term "castle" needs a little defining.
Some fortified manors of the late Middle Ages are graced with the
“castle”, when in fact they are largely domestic structures.
For the purposes of this list I’ll define a castle as a structure
built with defense in mind. Many castles were adapted by later
generations to more domestic purposes, so if you can’t find
a favorite castle here, try looking under Historic
An imposing Norman castle built on the banks of the River Tweed around 1121 by Ranulf Flambard, the powerful Bishop of Durham. The castle stands on the site of a much earlier prehistoric fort. Over the centuries Norham was visited by monarchs of both England and Scotland on numerous occasions, including King John and Edward I of England, and William the Lion and John Balliol of Scotland. Norham was the most powerful in the north, and as a result it suffered Scottish sieges on no less than 13 occasions. It … ... more