The first major conflict of the English Civil War was fought at Edgehill, near Banbury.
The Battle of Edgehill
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
October 23, 1642
Parliamentary troops under the Earl of Essex vs. royal troops under the Earl of Forth
Charles I believed strongly in the rights of the monarch to rule as he saw fit - including raising money for his wars or for whatever other reason. Parliament, on the other hand, believed equally strongly in their right to approve or deny funds to the crown as they saw fit.
Simplistically put, this is the reason for the outbreak of the conflict we know as the English Civil War. The Battle of Edgehill was the first major armed conflict of that war.
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The first major battle of the English Civil War was fought 23 October 1642
Parliament was led by the Earl of Essex, the royalists by Charles I and Prince Rupert
The battle was indecisive but both sides claimed victory
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