The decisive battle of the Baron's War was fought at Evesham. It ended the bid of Simon de Montfort for better government.
The Battle of Evesham
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
August 4, 1265
an alliance of rebellious barons under Simon de Montfort vs. royal forces under Prince Edward (later Edward I).
Montfort and his allies rebelled against what they saw as poor government and excessive spending on foriegn wars by Henry III. Initial success at the Battle of Lewes gave Montfort practical control of the government, and he instituted reforms which eventually led to the English Parliamentary system of government by representation.
However, Montfort was undone by his bickering allies, and Prince Edward escaped from captivity to raise the royal standard on the Welsh Marches. Montfort, carting along the King, marched north, intending to join forces with his son at Kenilworth, near Warwick. Edward got there first, routed the younger Montfort, and surprised Simon at Evesham.
In a story which is likely apochryphal, Montfort, realising that his army was trapped in a loop of the River Avon by a superior force, said to his aides, "Let us commend our souls to God, because our bodies are theirs". He was right.
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