Prince Rupert came to the relief of York, but he met disaster at Marston Moor.
The Battle of Marston Moor
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
July 2, 1644
Long Marston, Yorkshire
Royalist troops under the Marquess of Newcastle and Prince Rupert vs. an allied army of Parliamentary and Scottish troops led by Sir Thomas Fairfax and Lord Manchester
The Civil War was going badly for Royalist forces in the north of England. The Marquess of Newcastle was forced to fall back on the fortified city of York, where he was besieged by Parliamentary armies under Sir Thomas Fairfax.
Prince Rupert led a relief force of perhaps 7000 cavalry and as many footsoldiers north to the relief of the city.
Fairfax broke off the siege and marched his men south to prevent Rupert from reaching the approaches to York. The ever-daring Rupert surprised the Parliamentary generals by marching around their position and reaching the city anyway.
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The first Hanoverian monarch of England, he spoke no English and relinquished political control to a Prime Minister, Robert Walpole
He was Elector of Hanover before becoming king of England upon Queen Anne's death
His son was George II
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