The Duke of Monmouth's abortive attempt to seize the English throne came to an abrupt end at Sedgemoor.
The Battle of Sedgemoor
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
July 6, 1685
rebel troops under James, Duke of Monmouth vs. a royal army led by Lord Feversham
James, Duke of Monmouth was an illegitimate son of Charles II. Charles heaped honours upon James, and made him a Duke. The Protestant Monmouth became a figurehead for those opposed to the Catholic James, Duke of York.
When Charles died in February, 1685, Monmouth was in Holland. Though he personally seems to have had very little ambition to seize the crown, he was persuade by his Protestant advisors, notably the Earl of Argyll, to launch an invasion in the west country while Argyll landed in Scotland.
Against his better judgment Monmouth took ship for England and landed in Lyme Regis on June 11. His small band of 83 men soon swelled to 3000 as volunteers flocked to his cause.
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This headmaster of Rugby School popularized 'muscular Christianity', combining sports and learning with a heavy religious focus
His son Matthew was a popular poet and influential schools inspector
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