Richard Trevithick biography
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
Richard Trevithick was born in 1771 in Illogan, Cornwall. He was tall and athletic, interested more in sports than learning at school. He grew to a height of six feet two inches, and was commonly called the "Cornish Giant". A man of prodigious strength, Trevithick was one of the best wrestlers in Cornwall.
Richard worked with his father in Wheal Treasury mine, but it became obvious that the younger Trevithick had an aptitude for engineering. He was appointed engineer for the Ding Dong mine in Penzance. There he created a high-pressure engine for raising the ore from the mine.
Trevithick was fascinated by the possibilities of steam engines. He experimented with a model locomotive, and in 1796 produced a working engine/boiler combination.
Encouraged by his success, Trevithick produced a larger steam road locomotive, the Puffing Devil. On Christmas Eve, 1801, his new locomotive took him and some friends on a short journey. Although the results were positive, Puffing Devil could not hold steam for long, which made its use impractical.
Trevithick showed his designs to several leading scientists, including James Watt. Watt argued that his use of steam at high pressure was dangerous. Trevithick later accused Watt of using his influence to get Parliamentary to ban his experiments.
Trevithick was backed by a succession of sponsors, but his early designs either broke down, or proved too heavy. In 1804 he created the first steam locomotive to successfully run on rails - The Penydarren - which made three journeys between the Penydarren ironworks near Merthyr Tydfil and the Merthyr-Cardif Canal. However, the 7 ton locomotive was so heavy that it broke the rails on every trip, and the project was abandoned.
Name the Historic attraction
British Heritage Awards
Celebrate the best of British Heritage in our annual
British History Quiz
This monastery on the banks of the River Tyne was the home of scholar and author The Venerable Bede
It was founded by St Benedict Biscop in 681
Its famous library, where Bede wrote, was founded by Benedict with relics and books from Rome
This Day in British History
18 December, 1640
Parliament impeaches Archbishop Laud
Laud was charged with Catholic leanings, causing the failed war against the Scots, and tyrannical misuse of power