Richard Trevithick biography
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
Richard Trevithick was born in 1771 in Illogan, Cornwall. He was tall and athletic, interested more in sports than learning at school. He grew to a height of six feet two inches, and was commonly called the "Cornish Giant". A man of prodigious strength, Trevithick was one of the best wrestlers in Cornwall.
Richard worked with his father in Wheal Treasury mine, but it became obvious that the younger Trevithick had an aptitude for engineering. He was appointed engineer for the Ding Dong mine in Penzance. There he created a high-pressure engine for raising the ore from the mine.
Trevithick was fascinated by the possibilities of steam engines. He experimented with a model locomotive, and in 1796 produced a working engine/boiler combination.
Encouraged by his success, Trevithick produced a larger steam road locomotive, the Puffing Devil. On Christmas Eve, 1801, his new locomotive took him and some friends on a short journey. Although the results were positive, Puffing Devil could not hold steam for long, which made its use impractical.
Trevithick showed his designs to several leading scientists, including James Watt. Watt argued that his use of steam at high pressure was dangerous. Trevithick later accused Watt of using his influence to get Parliamentary to ban his experiments.
Trevithick was backed by a succession of sponsors, but his early designs either broke down, or proved too heavy. In 1804 he created the first steam locomotive to successfully run on rails - The Penydarren - which made three journeys between the Penydarren ironworks near Merthyr Tydfil and the Merthyr-Cardif Canal. However, the 7 ton locomotive was so heavy that it broke the rails on every trip, and the project was abandoned.
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This northern British kingdom was formed the merger of Bernicia and Deira in the 6th century
During the 6th and 7th centuries it extended into most of southern England
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This Day in British History
30 September, 1399
Henry IV declares himself king of England
Henry takes the throne after deposing Richard II. The actual coronation takes place on 13 October, and Richard is killed, probably by Henry's order, the next year.