The Trinovantes were among the most powerful Celtic tribes in pre-Roman Britain.
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
In the period immediately preceeding the Roman invasion of Britain the Trinovantes tribe occupied the area of Britain now taken up by Essex. The "capital" of the Trinovantes may have been at Colchester (Camulodunum).
There is some suggestion that the Trinovantes rulers may have been "under-kings" of the Catevellauni. The expulsion of a Trinovantes prince by Cassevellaunus of the Catevellauni was the pretext for Caesar's invasion in 55BCE. The Trinovantes saw the Roman invasion as an opportunity to strike back at their northern rivals and they were quick to join with Caesar and strike against the might of the Catevellauni.
After the more permanent Roman invasion under Claudius in 43AD, Colchester became a colonia (49AD), or Roman city of the highest rank. The Trinovantes enjoyed the fruits of cooperation with the Romans until the loss of tribal territory to Roman settlers caused the Trinovantes to join with the Iceni revolt under Boudicca (Boadicea) in 61AD, and the colonia of Camulodunum was burned to the ground.
The Trinovantes vanished from history after the failure of the Boudiccan revolt until medieval romances linked the tribe with the names of the legendary figures Brutus and Corineus, mythical founders of Britain and Cornwall, respectively.
Known and possible kings of the Trinovantes include:
Name the Historic attraction
British Heritage Awards
Celebrate the best of British Heritage in our annual
British History Quiz
A 'pocket borough' was also known as what?
These boroughs often had none or only a handful of electors
One example was Dunwich (Suffolk) which sent MPs to Parliament despite the fact that the town had been submerged beneath the sea for centuries
This Day in British History
06 March, 1340
Birth of John of Gaunt
Gaunt (from Ghent, in modern Belgium) was the 1st Duke of Lancaster, 3rd son of Edward III and regent for the young Richard II