The Trinovantes were among the most powerful Celtic tribes in pre-Roman Britain.
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
In the period immediately preceeding the Roman invasion of Britain the Trinovantes tribe occupied the area of Britain now taken up by Essex. The "capital" of the Trinovantes may have been at Colchester (Camulodunum).
There is some suggestion that the Trinovantes rulers may have been "under-kings" of the Catevellauni. The expulsion of a Trinovantes prince by Cassevellaunus of the Catevellauni was the pretext for Caesar's invasion in 55BCE. The Trinovantes saw the Roman invasion as an opportunity to strike back at their northern rivals and they were quick to join with Caesar and strike against the might of the Catevellauni.
After the more permanent Roman invasion under Claudius in 43AD, Colchester became a colonia (49AD), or Roman city of the highest rank. The Trinovantes enjoyed the fruits of cooperation with the Romans until the loss of tribal territory to Roman settlers caused the Trinovantes to join with the Iceni revolt under Boudicca (Boadicea) in 61AD, and the colonia of Camulodunum was burned to the ground.
The Trinovantes vanished from history after the failure of the Boudiccan revolt until medieval romances linked the tribe with the names of the legendary figures Brutus and Corineus, mythical founders of Britain and Cornwall, respectively.
Known and possible kings of the Trinovantes include:
Discounted Historic Hotels
Name the Historic attraction
British Heritage Awards
Celebrate the best of British Heritage in our annual
British History Quiz
Who rebuilt St Paul's Cathedral after the Great Fire of London?
He started as a professor of astronomy!
He acted as Master of the Works for Charles II
This Day in British History
10 March, 1817
Blanketeers hunger march
The march was planned to go from Manchester to London, but 160 marchers were arrested at Stockport on 11 March