Bridge of Sighs, Hertford College
Bridge of Sighs, Hertford College

Hertford college can lay claim to being one of the oldest Oxford colleges. It was first established in the late 13th century, though much of the current architecture is the product of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

The Catte Street facade of Hertford College
The Catte Street facade
of Hertford College

Around 1282 Elias de Hertford established Hart Hall on a site on Catte Street, opposite the current Bodleian Library. Hart Hall was a residence for students but not a fully fledged college. It was not until the 18th century that an ambitious Principal of the Hall attempted to have the Hall become a college, however the scheme floundered due to poor funding. Hart Hall was dissolved, and the buildings taken over by Magdalen Hall.

Hart Hall was rescued from its decline by a wealthy benefactor, Sir Thomas Baring, who provided the funds necessary to re-establish it as Hertford College by an Act of Parliament in 1874.

The college is laid out over three small quads, Old, New, and Holywell. Unusually, Old and New Quads are separated by a street, in this case New College Lane. The quads are joined by a pedestrian bridge which has come to be one of the most famous sights of Oxford; Hertford Bridge, spanning New College Lane in a short arc.

The bridge, and much of the current architecture of Hertford College, was built to the design of Sir Thomas Jackson. Hertford Bridge is often referred to as the "Bridge of Sighs" because of its similarity to the famous bridge of that name in Venice. A similar Bridge of Sighs exists at Cambridge University.

Hertford has had a strong connection with the arts over the years, and one of its prized possessions is a signed copy of Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes, who composed the volume while a student of Magdalen Hall. The book is held in the Old Library.

Hertford was one of the first Oxford colleges to admit women undergraduates, and has a higher proportion of women students than most Oxford colleges.

Famous Former Students

* John Donne
* John Falkner
* Charles James Fox
* Thomas Hobbes
* Jonathan Swift
* William Tyndale
* Evelyn Waugh

About Hertford College
Address: Catte Street, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, OX1 3BW
Attraction Type: Historic Building - College
Location: Opposite the Bodleian Library on Catte Street
Website: Hertford College
Location map
OS: SP516064
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express


HERITAGE

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