One of the most decisive battles of the English Civil War was a resounding success for the Parliamentary armies.
The Battle of Naseby
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
Royal army under Prince Rupert vs. Parliamentary troops under Sir Thomas Fairfax
The English Civil War was in full swing. The north of England appeared lost to the royalist cause (see The Battle of Marston Moor), but Prince Rupert convinced King Charles to march from his base in Oxford to the relief of Chester and then thrust north. The royal plans were thwarted by the delaying tactics of Oliver Cromwell and his cavalry.
This allowed the New Model Army time to finish assembling. The king changed his plans several times, and split his forces to send 3000 men to the southwest. Prince Rupert sacked Leicester with an appalling fury, drawing Sir Thomas Fairfax north from his short-lived attempt to besiege Oxford.
Fairfax was joined by Cromwell and a small force of his horsemen. With some 13,000 troops Fairfax brought the king to bay at Naseby.
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The first major battle of the English Civil War was fought 23 October 1642
Parliament was led by the Earl of Essex, the royalists by Charles I and Prince Rupert
The battle was indecisive but both sides claimed victory
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