Stirling Bridge was the scene of William Wallace's greatest triumph as he led the Scots in revolt against Edward I.
The Battle of Stirling Bridge
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
September 11, 1297
Stirling Bridge, Stirlingshire
Scots under William Wallace vs. English led by the Earl of Surrey
The roots of the conflict lie many years before. King Alexander of Scotland died mysteriously in 1286, leaving the child Margaret of Norway as his heir. Edward I extracted a promise of marriage between Margaret and his own son, but when Margaret died on her way back to Scotland there was no obvious heir.
The Scots asked Edward to mediate between the various claimants to the throne. Edward was scrupulously fair in his arbitration, but he extracted oaths of fealty from all the claimants. The two men with the best claims were John Balliol and Robert Bruce. Edward chose Balliol, and immediately began to show that he intended to manipulate his choice at every opportunity.
Balliol rebelled, and allied with France. Furious, Edward marched north, took Balliol prisoner, and occupied Scotland. William Wallace raised the Scots in revolt again, gaining most of his support from those who had originally backed Robert Bruce.
Name the Historic attraction
British Heritage Awards
Celebrate the best of British Heritage in our annual
British History Quiz
Mary, Queen of Scots was moved here following the failure of the Babington Plot to free her from captivity in 1586
She was executed here the following year
Richard III was born at this castle
This Day in British History
23 July, 1637
Prayer Book riots at St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh
Worshippers riot when Archbishop Laud's new prayer book is used for the first time