One of the most decisive battles of the Wars of the Roses.
The Battle of Tewkesbury
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
a Yorkist army under Edward IV vs. Lancastrian forces led by the Duke of Somerset on behalf of Queen Margaret
Queen Margaret landed at Weymouth intending to join forces with Warwick. She had only progressed as far as Cerne Abbas when she learned of Warwick's death at the Battle of Barnet. Despite the loss of their leader, the Lancastrians gathered fresh troops and marched north to join with Jasper Tudor in Wales.
Edward IV had let his levies go after Barnet, but he quickly called up fresh men and sped to intercept the Queen and Somerset before they could cross the Severn at Gloucester. For his part, Somerset's army was forced to enter Bristol for supplies and extra arms. The delay this caused was to prove fatal.
Somerset slipped by Edward's army by pretending to fortify Sodbury, only to pull out again. Edward alerted the Governor of Gloucester to hold out against the anticipated attack as long as he could. Then Edward led his men in a beeline towards Tewkesbury, knowing that if Gloucester held firm that Somerset would have to move further north to cross the Severn.
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This Day in British History
30 September, 1399
Henry IV declares himself king of England
Henry takes the throne after deposing Richard II. The actual coronation takes place on 13 October, and Richard is killed, probably by Henry's order, the next year.