What is a country house? The classical revival, Palladianism, and landscape gardens in England.
English Country Houses
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
The country house as a style of building rose up in the relative peace and prosperity of the Tudor age. There was no longer a pressing need for defense in domestic buildings, so the aristocracy began lavishing their money on houses designed to impress.
The predominant style of the early 18th century was Palladian, based on the classical designs of Andreas Palladio, and fostered by Lord Burlington among others.
Generally, they were situated on rising ground, with gardens stretching up to the "back door" from parkland below. They were classical in style, with a large central portico and strong vertical lines on the exterior. It was in the interior that these country houses really shone, however. Furnishings were ornate and designed to impress. Generally, a large entry hall led on to living rooms meant for show. Bedrooms and dressing rooms were upstairs, while the kitchen and the servants quarters were relegated to the basement. It was terribly inconvenient, but it was magnificent! Among the best examples of these Palladian country houses include; Holkham Hall (Norfolk), Clandon Park (Surrey), and Nostell Priory (Yorkshire).
Name the Historic attraction
British Heritage Awards
Celebrate the best of British Heritage in our annual
British History Quiz
This ransom was first paid during the reign of Aethelred the Unready to prevent Danish attack
The first payment (in 991 AD) was 20,000 marks
Later kings used the precedent to impose taxes for military purposes
This Day in British History
16 September, 1399
Owain Glyndwr attacks Lord Grey of Ruthin
Glyndwr's private feud escalates into a full-scale Welsh revolt, and Glyndwr becomes a symbol of Welsh nationalism