Anglo-Saxon churches, church architecture, and early Saxon crosses.
Anglo-Saxon churches in England
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
Think of tracking down Saxon and Danish remains as a detective story; a clue here, a suspicion there. Very few remains are readily found outside museums. This is partly due to the habit the Saxons had of building with impermanent materials (wood), and partly to the very nasty habits of the Viking raiders (they burned down everything in sight). Most of what remains is therefore from the post Viking times of the 10th and 11th centuries. One exception is:
Where to look
Churches during the early years of the Dark Ages were constructed in two different styles. In the south was the Roman model, as introduced by St.Augustine in Kent. This incorporated chambers to the sides of an aisle-less nave, and an apsidal chancel at the east end. In the north the Celtic monastic influence produced simple designs featuring tall naves with no side chambers, and rectangular chancels.
A special case is Greensted church (Essex). Founded about 845, it has been called "The oldest wooden church in the world." Set inside a modern brick exterior is a nave constructed of vertical oak logs, tongue-and-grooved in place without the use of nails. The original church had no windows, the only illumination being by torch light.
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This Celtic saint began his career as a simple shepherd boy. He entred the monastery of Melrose in 651 and in 664 became prior of Lindisfarne
He was Bishop of Lindisfarne twice, and a hermit on the Farne Islands
His relics were moved to Durham Cathedral in 1104
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