Anglo-Saxon churches, church architecture, and early Saxon crosses.
Anglo-Saxon churches in England
BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR
Think of tracking down Saxon and Danish remains as a detective story; a clue here, a suspicion there. Very few remains are readily found outside museums. This is partly due to the habit the Saxons had of building with impermanent materials (wood), and partly to the very nasty habits of the Viking raiders (they burned down everything in sight). Most of what remains is therefore from the post Viking times of the 10th and 11th centuries. One exception is:
Where to look
Churches during the early years of the Dark Ages were constructed in two different styles. In the south was the Roman model, as introduced by St.Augustine in Kent. This incorporated chambers to the sides of an aisle-less nave, and an apsidal chancel at the east end. In the north the Celtic monastic influence produced simple designs featuring tall naves with no side chambers, and rectangular chancels.
A special case is Greensted church (Essex). Founded about 845, it has been called "The oldest wooden church in the world." Set inside a modern brick exterior is a nave constructed of vertical oak logs, tongue-and-grooved in place without the use of nails. The original church had no windows, the only illumination being by torch light.
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This Day in British History
28 November, 1290
Queen Eleanor dies at Harby, Northamptonshire
Edward I erects memorial crosses (Eleanor Crosses) at each stopping place of the queen's procession to London