Nevern Castle
Nevern Castle
Otherwise known as Castell Nanhyfer, Nevern Castle is a  motte and bailey castle sited within an Iron Age promontory fort, on a steep hillside above an attractive village. The large triangular bailey is much overgrown, but the castle mound is easily viewed. The castle was originally Welsh, then Norman, then was reconquered by the Welsh.
We do not know much about the origins of Nevern Castle; it was probably built in the late 12th century, around 1191, by the Norman Fitzmartin family, the lords of Cemais. It was captured by Rhys ap Gruffudd, who is credited with building a strong tower in stone within the earlier fortifications. He might have regretted doing so, as he was later imprisoned within the tower by his own sons, and he died there in 1195. His death effectively spelled the end of Welsh rule in south Wales. Nevern Castle was abandoned sometime before 1350.

The site measures almost 100 metres in diameter, in a rough oval, with natural steep slopes acting as an extra defense. There are three rings of banks and ditches to the north and west. The castle motte is located to the north west side of the enclosure. It is quite a decent size, measuring about 32 metres across. There was a circular stone keep about 6 metres wide, atop the motte, while to the east is a court enclosure defined by stone walls and defended on one side by sheer cliffs.

A short stroll downhill leads you to the historic parish church, where you can find the Nevern Cross, one of the finest carved Celtic crosses in Wales.