Illustrated Dictionary of British Churches

History and Architecture

Romanesque

A style of early medieval architecture based on classical Roman style. The most easily recognisable characterstics of Romanesque architecture are thick, heavy columns and rounded arches. Vaulting was very simple, usually in the barrel style.

Characteristic Romanesque features include:

  • Rounded arches
  • Barrel vaults
  • Chevron pattern decorations
  • Doors recessed in three orders

The Romanesque period in Britain can be roughly dated to the years 1066-1180, and the term is sometimes used interchangeably with 'Norman'. See our English architecture article for more details on Romanesque style.

Related: Vaulting  

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British History Quiz

This famous architect designed the Crystal Palace for the Great Exhibition of 1851



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This Day in British History

19 October, 1216

Death of King John

The unlamented John died at Newark, and was buried at Worcester Cathedral, the only king to lie there

Monarch Mayhem

This pious king was married to Eleanor of Provence



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