Duthie Park and Winter Gardens
History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
HERITAGE HIGHLIGHTS: Late Victorian parkland
In 1881 Lady Elizabeth Duthie of Ruthrieston purchased 44 acres of land on the banks of the River Dee for 30,000 pounds from the Arthurseat estate. She promptly donated the land to the local council to serve as a public park in memory of her brother and uncle. There was an obstacle in the way of creating a park; Sycamore Place street ran through the middle of the estate. The street and its houses were completely destroyed to make room for landscaping.
The design was laid out by William R McKelvie an architect and surveyor from Dundee. The first piece of sod was turned by the Earl of Aberdeen and Lady Duthie in a ceremony on 27 August 1881. The silver spade used in the ceremony is on display in the Winter Gardens.
The park officially opened just over 2 years later on 27 September 1883. The city had hoped that Queen Victoria would perform the honours, but she was recovering from an accident so the ceremony was performed by her daughter, Princess Beatrice.
In 1899 a greenhouse was erected within the parkland to house exotic and rare species of plants. This is the David Welch Winter Gardens, home to the second-largest collections of giant cacti and bromeliads in Britain (after only the Eden Project in Cornwall).
The original Palm House was designed by Mr Rust and used a frame of redwood brought from St Petersburg. The greenhouses cost 1,550 pounds and stretched 108 feet long under a dome rising 46 feet.
The original Victorian greenhouse was badly damaged by storms in 1969 and had to be replaced. They now house unusual species such as banana trees, Spanish moss, and tree ferns. There have been several extensions to the greenhouses, including a 'corridor of perfumes', fern house, and a Temperate House. The Winter Gardens were renamed in honour of a Director of Parks for Aberdeen, who died in 2001.
Other highlights include an Arid House, with a collection of cacti from around the world, a Floral Courtyard, with commemorative roses planted for the Burma Star Association, and the Tropical House, where you will find plants from South America, including orchids and Ginger plants.
Near the Winter Garden is a Japanese garden, designed as a memorial to the people of Nagasaki and Hiroshima in WWII.
Another feature within the park is a series of metal bridge railings, salvaged from a bridge on Union Street when it was redeveloped in the middle of the 20th century. The railings are decorated with cats, derived from the Aberdeen coat of arms.
About Duthie Park and Winter Gardens
Address: Polmuir Road, Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, AB11 7TH
Attraction Type: Garden
Location: off A945 or B9077. The park is open daylight hours. On-site parking.
Website: Duthie Park and Winter Gardens
Photo Credit: Bob Embleton, licensed for reuse under the Creative Commons Licence
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
Provost Skene's House - 0.8 miles (Museum)
Aberdeen Maritime Museum - 1 miles (Museum)
Tolbooth Museum - 1.1 miles (Museum)
Aberdeen Art Gallery - 1.1 miles (Museum)
King's College Chapel, Aberdeen - 2.2 miles (Historic Church)
Rhynie Man - 2.2 miles (Prehistoric Site)
Cruickshank Botanic Garden - 2.4 miles (Garden)
St Machar's Cathedral - 2.5 miles (Cathedral)
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