Wery Wall and Roman Bath House
Wery Wall and Roman Bath House
A small section of Roman wall survives on the slope below Lancaster Castle. The wall is near the rear of Mitre House and is thought to have been part of the last Roman fort on the site, erected some time in the 4th century, probably around 330 AD. What we see today is the core of the wall, as all the facing stones have disappeared.

Only 4 meters of walling remains, up to 3 metres high, on a north/south alignment running along a steep bank. The wall is thought to have been part of an external bastion, connected to the main fort wall.

The first fort on this site may date to as early as AD 80, but this was rebuilt on at least 6 occasions over the ensuing centuries until the last fort was abandoned in the early 5th century. The final rebuilding took place in AD 367 when the fort was contracted in size as a typical Saxon Shore type of defensive enclosure encompassing 9 acres.

There is also an obvious earthwork rampart in Vicarage Field that follows closely the foundations of the Roman fort, but the earthwork is not, in fact, Roman. It is probably of medieval date and associated with either the castle or Lancaster Priory church.

Next to the wall are the foundations of a small Roman bathhouse, uncovered in 1973.