History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
Whoever the builder was, the result of that early construction was a motte and bailey fortress surrounded by an oval earthwork. From those humble beginnings, Wigmore Castle went on to become one of the most important fortresses in the Marches, and played a part in the drama of history for over 500 years.
The castle was owned by the powerful Mortimer family from 1075 to 1425, and during that time it played host to kings and queens on several occasions. It passed to the crown in 1425, and was later sold to Sir Thomas Harley.
When the Civil War broke out, Harley supported Parliament. They had not the men to defend both Wigmore and their manor at Brampton Ryan against Royalist attack, so they chose to defend the manor and demolish Wigmore so that it could not be used by Royalists troops. Their plans came to naught, as Brampton Bryan withstood one Royalist attack, but fell to a second, and was destroyed in 1644.
The village of Wigmore was created as a borough, centred around the crossroads below the castle. It expanded to become a market town under the Mortimers, but when they moved their administrative centre from Wigmore to Ludlow the town and the castle diminished in importance.
To this basic outline the Mortimers gradually added a series of additions, including the east tower (13th century) and grand gatehouse (13th and 14th centuries). The most famous of the Mortimers during this period was Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March.
Roger Mortimer and Queen Isabella deposed Edward II in 1327, and ruled the country on behalf of the young prince, Edward. In 1329 Mortimer entertained Isabella and Prince Edward at Wigmore, but in the following year Edward threw off his shackles and seized the throne for himself. Mortimer was imprisoned and later executed.
The castle stands on a spur of land, and the naturally strong defensive position was enhanced by a series of deep ditches across the spur. There are three main sections to the castle. First, the outer bailey, which housed ancillary buildings such as stables and grain stores. Second, the inner bailey offered the primary residential quarters. Lastly came a stone shell keep, with a tall tower set upon a mound, or motte.
After the castle was slighted during the Civil War, it fell into decay, and the site filled with earth and rubble, to the extent that much of the lower floor of the castle is buried. Rather than excavate the remains, English Heritage have opted to let it retain much of its romantic, semi-wild state.
Most photos are available for licensing, please contact Britain Express image library.
About Wigmore Castle
Address: A4110, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England, HR6 9UB
Attraction Type: Castle
Location: On the A4110 eight miles west of Ludlow. Access on foot from the village, following the Mortimer Way off Castle Street. Open access site.
Website: Wigmore Castle
English Heritage - see also: English Heritage memberships (official website)
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
Opening Details: Open access site, usually accessible at any reasonable time
We've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned.
Historic Time Periods:
Find other attractions tagged with:
11th century (Time Period) - 13th century (Time Period) - castle (Architecture) - Civil War (Architecture) - Domesday Book (Historical Reference) - Edward II (Person) - Medieval (Time Period) - motte and bailey (Historical Reference) - Royalist (Person) -
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
Wigmore, St James Church - 0.3 miles (Historic Church)
Leintwardine, St Mary Magdalene Church - 3 miles (Historic Church)
Brampton Bryan, St Barnabas Church - 3.1 miles (Historic Church)
Croft Castle - 3.4 miles (Historic House)
Croft Castle Church - 3.6 miles (Historic Church)
Mortimers Cross Water Mill - 3.6 miles (Historic Building)
Pipe Aston, St Giles Church - 3.7 miles (Historic Church)
Shobdon, St John Church - 4 miles (Historic Church)
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