Preston Mill and Phantassie Doocot
History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
There has been a mill on the banks of the River Tyne at at East Linton since at least 1599 and possibly earlier, but the present mill dates almost entirely from the 18th century. Though the mill buildings are original, the mill wheel and much of the actually milling machinery are modern. The mill remained in use until 1959, and has since been restored to working order, although it no longer grinds grain for sale.
Admission is by guided tour only, and the tours last approximately 40 minutes. Beside the mill is a visitor centre with an exhibition telling the history of the mill and how the miller lived and worked.
The first mill here was a simple single storey building, built of wood and stone, under a thatched roof. The mill served tenants of the East Linton estate, who were required under law to grind their grain here. In return, the miller took a percentage of the grain as payment in kind.
This ancient system was called 'thirlage', and remained in force until about 1800, when the mill was operated as an independent business. The miller lived near the mill in a smallholding, keeping animals, growing vegetables, and catching fish and birds to supplement the family diet.
The unusual design of the polygonal kiln has no parallel in Scotland and looks more similar to traditional Dutch mills of the period, and with hop kilns in Kent. The ground floor had a fire which heated and dried grain spread out on a perforated floor above. The first floor was accessed only by an external stone stair.
The mill is on two levels, with grinding stones and hoppers above and a fanning mechanism below to remove husks. The machinery was powered by an undershot wheel with wooden gears and cogs. The flow of water is controlled by a sluice gate inside the mill.
A short 1km stroll away from the Mill past farm fields leads you to the Phantassie Doocot, built in the 16th century to house 500 birds.The doocot is built in a beehive shape, which is not unusual, but what is unusual is the peculiar parapet, shaped like a horseshoe. Access to the nesting boxes is provided by a wooden ladder fixed to a cross-beam spanning the doocot interior.
The doocot walls are 4 feet thick, and provide 544 nesting boxes. The odd little building is 56 feet around, and has 16 entrance holes. The doocot was gifted to the National Trust for Scotland in 1961, and since it was so close to Preston Mill both properties are linked under the same operations team for the NTS.
Nearby Phantassie Farm was the birthplace of engineer John Rennie.
Admission to the mill is by timed tour, so we had to wait for our tour time, but that gave us an opportunity to photograph the exterior of this wonderfully eccentric building. According to our tour guide Preston Mill is one of the most frequently photographed buildings in Scotland, and I believe it. One of the fascinating features our guide showed us was a flood marker on the exterior wall of the mill, showing the height of floods at different periods in the mill's history. The highest mark was about as tall as I am!
Most photos are available for licensing, please contact Britain Express image library.
About Preston Mill and Phantassie Doocot
Address: East Linton, Lothian, Scotland, EH40 3DS
Attraction Type: Museum
Location: Off the A1
Website: Preston Mill and Phantassie Doocot
National Trust for Scotland
OS: NT594 779
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
We've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned.
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18th century (Time Period) -
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