History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
HERITAGE HIGHLIGHTS: 13th century St Mary's church
The area may have been settled as early as the 2nd millennium BC, but the first written record comes from the 9th century. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle mentions an estate here, and there was a manor established by the 11th century. Aldermaston formed part of the estates of Harold, Earl of Wessex, later King Harold, and was seized by William the Conqueror after the Norman Conquest.
William's son, King Henry I, gave Aldermaston to the Achard family, and it was they who built the first church of St Mary the Virgin here.
The parish church was built in the 13th century and retains some Norman stonework.
Aldermaston received a market charter in 1292, and there was also an annual fair dedicated to St Thomas the Martyr (Thomas Becket). The manor passed from the Achard family to the De La Mere family and then to the Forsters, who built the manor house just east of the main village. The manor house was destroyed by fire in 1843 and rebuilt in grand neo-Tudor style.
The main street through the village is rather conveniently called The Street. At the southern end of the Street is a small green with a Victorian drinking fountain built to honour Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee. For centuries the green hid a secret - a Roman well that was only rediscovered by accident in 1940 when a cow almost fell into the well shaft.
A Pub with its own Gaol
The 'local' is The Hind's Head, a former coaching inn built in the 17th century. The name comes from the crest of the Forster family, which features a hind. One unusual feature of the pub isn't apparent from the street, but if you go around back of the building you'll find a small lock-up gaol cell of brick, with a domed roof.
We don't know exactly when the gaol cell was built, but it was last used in 1865 to house someone who'd had a bit too much to drink. Unfortunately, the prisoner lit a fire to keep warm, and burned to death. It has remained unused ever since, but is open for the Heritage Days scheme.
Just outside the village is the Tudor manor of Ufton Court. Every three years the village holds a 'Candle Auction' at Christmas time; an unusual tradition whereby bidding on the rental of Church Acre lasts until a horseshoe falls from a tallow candle.
Address: Aldermaston, Berkshire, England
Attraction Type: Village
Photo Credit: Andrew Smith, licensed for reuse under the Creative Commons Licence
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NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
Silchester Roman City - 3.4 miles (Roman Site)
Silchester, St Mary's Church - 3.6 miles (Historic Church)
Englefield House - 4.6 miles (Historic House)
The Vyne - 5.6 miles (Historic House)
Stratfield Saye, St Mary's Church - 6.9 miles (Historic Church)
Stratfield Saye - 7.1 miles (Historic House)
Shaw-cum-Donnington, St Mary's Church - 7.3 miles (Historic Church)
Shaw House - 7.4 miles (Historic House)
Nearest Accommodation to Aldermaston: